Initial experience of mitral valve repair using the Carpentier-Edwards Physio II annuloplasty ring

Wessex Cardiothoracic Centre, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southampton, United Kingdom.
European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.3). 11/2010; 39(6):881-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcts.2010.10.004
Source: PubMed


OBJECTIVE: The Carpentier-Edwards (CE) Physio II ring is a new prosthetic ring designed to accommodate the changing pathology seen in the spectrum of degenerative valve disease, particularly the larger anterior leaflet in repair of the Barlow valve. The aim of our study was to assess the safety and efficacy of mitral valve (MV) repair with the CE Physio II ring. METHODS: Between April 2009 and March 2010, 100 patients underwent MV repair using the Physio II ring. Median age of patients was 70 years (54-85 years). The left ventricle (LV) was moderately (30-50%; n=21) or severely (<30%; n=6) impaired in 27 patients preoperatively. Mitral regurgitation (MR) was due to degenerative disease in 87 patients (bileaflet prolapse: 34 patients). Mean logistic EuroSCORE was 10.07 ± 8.9 and mean follow-up was 6.3 ± 2.4 months. Results: Seventeen patients were non-elective (eight emergencies), five were re-do operations and 23 Maze ± pulmonary vein isolations, and 14 tricuspid annuloplasties were performed. Neo-chordae were inserted in 50 patients (50%), whereas sliding annuloplasty was performed only in three patients. The median ring size was 32 mm (range 26-40 mm). On-table trans-oesophageal echocardiography (TOE) showed trivial/no MR in 87 patients, and mild in 13 patients, and there were no cases of systolic anterior motion (SAM). There were two re-explorations for bleeding and two patients required haemofiltration. There were no strokes or deep sternal wound infections (DSWIs). There was one hospital death (1%). At discharge, mean left ventricular end-diastolic (LVEDD) was 4.8 ± 0.7 cm compared with 5.5 ± 0.8 cm preoperatively (p=0.03) and mean left ventricular end-systolic (LVESD) was 3.3 ± 0.5 cm as compared with 3.6 ± 0.8 preoperatively (p=0.4). There was no MR in 87 patients and mild MR in 13 patients. The mean mitral valve area (MVA) was 2.8 ± 0.7 cm(2). The mean systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) was 26.6 ± 7.3 mmHg as compared with 50.9 ± 17.2 mmHg preoperatively (p=0.02). During follow-up, there were no thrombo-embolic complications, re-operation, endocarditis or deaths. Conclusions: MV repair with the Physio II ring has excellent short-term results, including subgroups with large anterior mitral valve leaflet (AMVL). Moreover, the dimensional ratios of the ring may allow it to be used for MV repair for degenerative MV disease, irrespective of anterior leaflet size.

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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Mitral valve repair techniques for degenerative disease typically entail leaflet resection or neochordal construction, which may require extensive resection, leaflet detachment/reattachment, reliance on diseased native chords or precise neochordal measuring. Occasionally, impaired leaflet mobility, reduced coaptation surface and systolic anterior motion (SAM) may result. We describe a novel technique for addressing posterior leaflet prolapse/flail, which both simplifies repair and addresses these issues. Methods: Fifty-four patients (age 62 ± 11 years) with degenerative MR underwent this new repair, 36 of whom minimally-invasively. A CV5 Gore-Tex suture was placed into the posterior left ventricular myocardium underneath the prolapsing segment as an anchor. This suture was then used to imbricate a portion of the prolapsed segment into the ventricle, creating a smooth, broad, non-prolapsed coapting surface on a leaflet with preserved mobility, additional neochordal support and posteriorly positioned enough to preclude SAM. Results: Repair was successful in all patients. The mean MR grade was reduced from +3.8 to +0.1 with 50 of 54 patients having zero MR and 4 of the 54 having trace or mild MR. All patients had proper antero-posterior location of the coaptation line of a mean length of 10.2 mm, and preserved posterior leaflet mobility. No patients had SAM or mitral stenosis. All patients were discharged and are currently doing well. Conclusion: This new technique facilitated efficient single-suture repair of the prolapsed posterior leaflet mitral regurgitation without the need for resection or sliding annuloplasty. It precluded the need for precise neochordal measurement and preserved the leaflet coaptation surface.
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