Initial experience of mitral valve repair using the Carpentier-Edwards Physio II annuloplasty ring
Wessex Cardiothoracic Centre, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southampton, United Kingdom.European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.3). 11/2010; 39(6):881-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcts.2010.10.004
OBJECTIVE: The Carpentier-Edwards (CE) Physio II ring is a new prosthetic ring designed to accommodate the changing pathology seen in the spectrum of degenerative valve disease, particularly the larger anterior leaflet in repair of the Barlow valve. The aim of our study was to assess the safety and efficacy of mitral valve (MV) repair with the CE Physio II ring. METHODS: Between April 2009 and March 2010, 100 patients underwent MV repair using the Physio II ring. Median age of patients was 70 years (54-85 years). The left ventricle (LV) was moderately (30-50%; n=21) or severely (<30%; n=6) impaired in 27 patients preoperatively. Mitral regurgitation (MR) was due to degenerative disease in 87 patients (bileaflet prolapse: 34 patients). Mean logistic EuroSCORE was 10.07 ± 8.9 and mean follow-up was 6.3 ± 2.4 months. Results: Seventeen patients were non-elective (eight emergencies), five were re-do operations and 23 Maze ± pulmonary vein isolations, and 14 tricuspid annuloplasties were performed. Neo-chordae were inserted in 50 patients (50%), whereas sliding annuloplasty was performed only in three patients. The median ring size was 32 mm (range 26-40 mm). On-table trans-oesophageal echocardiography (TOE) showed trivial/no MR in 87 patients, and mild in 13 patients, and there were no cases of systolic anterior motion (SAM). There were two re-explorations for bleeding and two patients required haemofiltration. There were no strokes or deep sternal wound infections (DSWIs). There was one hospital death (1%). At discharge, mean left ventricular end-diastolic (LVEDD) was 4.8 ± 0.7 cm compared with 5.5 ± 0.8 cm preoperatively (p=0.03) and mean left ventricular end-systolic (LVESD) was 3.3 ± 0.5 cm as compared with 3.6 ± 0.8 preoperatively (p=0.4). There was no MR in 87 patients and mild MR in 13 patients. The mean mitral valve area (MVA) was 2.8 ± 0.7 cm(2). The mean systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) was 26.6 ± 7.3 mmHg as compared with 50.9 ± 17.2 mmHg preoperatively (p=0.02). During follow-up, there were no thrombo-embolic complications, re-operation, endocarditis or deaths. Conclusions: MV repair with the Physio II ring has excellent short-term results, including subgroups with large anterior mitral valve leaflet (AMVL). Moreover, the dimensional ratios of the ring may allow it to be used for MV repair for degenerative MV disease, irrespective of anterior leaflet size.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: Mitral valve repair techniques for degenerative disease typically entail leaflet resection or neochordal construction, which may require extensive resection, leaflet detachment/reattachment, reliance on diseased native chords or precise neochordal measuring. Occasionally, impaired leaflet mobility, reduced coaptation surface and systolic anterior motion (SAM) may result. We describe a novel technique for addressing posterior leaflet prolapse/flail, which both simplifies repair and addresses these issues. Methods: Fifty-four patients (age 62 ± 11 years) with degenerative MR underwent this new repair, 36 of whom minimally-invasively. A CV5 Gore-Tex suture was placed into the posterior left ventricular myocardium underneath the prolapsing segment as an anchor. This suture was then used to imbricate a portion of the prolapsed segment into the ventricle, creating a smooth, broad, non-prolapsed coapting surface on a leaflet with preserved mobility, additional neochordal support and posteriorly positioned enough to preclude SAM. Results: Repair was successful in all patients. The mean MR grade was reduced from +3.8 to +0.1 with 50 of 54 patients having zero MR and 4 of the 54 having trace or mild MR. All patients had proper antero-posterior location of the coaptation line of a mean length of 10.2 mm, and preserved posterior leaflet mobility. No patients had SAM or mitral stenosis. All patients were discharged and are currently doing well. Conclusion: This new technique facilitated efficient single-suture repair of the prolapsed posterior leaflet mitral regurgitation without the need for resection or sliding annuloplasty. It precluded the need for precise neochordal measurement and preserved the leaflet coaptation surface.
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ABSTRACT: Background Selectively flexible rings, Colvin-Galloway (CG) Future and Carpentier-Edwards (CE) Physio II, are used for annuloplasty during mitral valve repair to facilitate dynamic annular motion while preventing annular dilation. In this study, we assessed the extent and nature of the flexibility of these rings in vivo, which has not been objectively demonstrated. Methods Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography was used intraoperatively to acquire data regarding dynamic motion of mitral annuli and annuloplasty rings in 33 patients undergoing mitral repair (15 CG Future and 18 CE Physio II) and in 15 control patients. Data were analyzed to assess the dynamic changes in annular geometry after implantation of selectively flexible rings. Results After annuloplasty, there was an immediate and significant decrease in annular displacement (p < 0.001) and annular displacement velocity (p < 0.01). Dynamic change in multiple variables including anteroposterior diameter (p < 0.001) and annular area (p < 0.001) was also significantly depressed. In comparison with normal mitral valves, partially flexible rings allowed limited dynamic motion: percentage changes in anteroposterior diameter (p < 0.001), anterolateral posteromedial diameter (p < 0.001), and total circumference (p < 0.001) were significantly lower. Compared with each other, the two rings resulted in similar changes in anterior annulus length (p = 0.93), posterior annular length (p = 0.82), and annular area (p = 0.31). Conclusions Mitral annular dynamics were uniformly depressed after implantation of these rings. Selective flexibility could not be demonstrated in vivo using echocardiographic data.
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ABSTRACT: We evaluated the midterm outcomes of lifting posterior mitral annuloplasty for enhancing leaflet coaptation in mitral valve repair. Between October 2007 and December 2012, 341 consecutive patients with significant mitral regurgitation underwent lifting posterior mitral annuloplasty using a specially designed fabric annuloplasty strip that lifts the middle portion of the posterior annulus. Associated procedures for mitral valve repairs, such as patch valvuloplasty for posterior leaflet prolapse (n=80), new chord placement for anterior leaflet prolapse (n=33), commissurotomy (n=29), and posterior leaflet extension (n=23), were performed in 141 patients (41.3%). Thirty-day mortality was 0.9%. Nine late deaths (2.6%) occurred. Mean overall survival at 5 years was 96.0%±1.1%. During the mean follow-up period of 38±17 months, six patients (1.8%) underwent valve-related reoperation (5-year freedom from valve-related reoperation, 98.1%±0.8%). At 5 years, mean freedom from recurrence of mitral regurgitation grade 3+ to 4+ (moderate to severe) was 95.1%±1.6%. The mean valve pressure gradient (PG) was 3.2±1.5 mmHg across all strip sizes at the time of follow-up. Lifting posterior mitral annuloplasty using an innovative annuloplasty strip in mitral valve repair has a low rate of recurrent regurgitation or valve-related reoperation with rare relevant complications.
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