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The psychophysical effects of music in sport and exercise: A review

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... Suivant la collecte des données, on a constaté que les enfants autistes ne poursuivent pas un encadrement adéquat qui répond à leurs besoins. La musique peut diminuer la mauvaise humeur et améliore les aspects positifs de l'humeur et la motivation et facilite la coordination motrice (Simpson et Karageorghis, 2006) via l'augmentation des perceptions de compétence (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997). En détournant l'attention du sportif, la musique peut jusqu'à faire oublier la fatigue et la douleur et permet aux athlètes de se dissocier des perceptions de la fatigue (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997;Chtourou, 2013) et de l'effort (RPE) (Yamashita et Iwai, 2006) qui découlent de l'activité physique. ...
... La musique peut diminuer la mauvaise humeur et améliore les aspects positifs de l'humeur et la motivation et facilite la coordination motrice (Simpson et Karageorghis, 2006) via l'augmentation des perceptions de compétence (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997). En détournant l'attention du sportif, la musique peut jusqu'à faire oublier la fatigue et la douleur et permet aux athlètes de se dissocier des perceptions de la fatigue (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997;Chtourou, 2013) et de l'effort (RPE) (Yamashita et Iwai, 2006) qui découlent de l'activité physique. Actuellement, dans le domaine de la chronobiologie de la performance sportive. ...
... New York: Nova publishers; 245-260. (Simpson et Karageorghis, 2006) via l'augmentation des perceptions de compétence (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997). En détournant l'attention du sportif, la musique peut jusqu'à faire oublier la fatigue et la douleur et permet aux athlètes de se dissocier des perceptions de la fatigue (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997;Chtourou, 2013) et de l'effort (RPE) (Yamashita et Iwai, 2006) qui découlent de l'activité physique. ...
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Our study aimed to find the impact of sports practice on sensory motor abilities of the football player’s ancients. And used for this purpose descriptive analytical method to consisting of 32 sample players, divided into two halves evenly, practitioners and nonpractitioners (without regularity in practice), and the researchers was based the sensory motor skills tests for data collection and data values quantity in the study, as has been the adoption of central tendency and dispersion in statistical treatment measures in addition to test the significance of differences T. the results 1 / level sensory motor abilities of footballers ancient practitioners results the best of it to the level of sensory motor abilities of the footballers ancient non-practicing and is what explains the impact of the practice on the sensory motor abilities .2 / no statistically significant differences between practitioners and non-practitioners in some capacity in the sense of time and estimate the distance, which suggests that there should be regular practice of football players ancients to contribute to the improvement of health and fitness by improving the sensory motor skills. Research staff also recommended the need to emphasize the sports practice and training to improve sensory motor abilities of non-practitioners in particular, and training under the supervision of coach because the competition alone is not sufficient to improve sensory motor abilities, emphasis on training programs that run on the sensory capacity development status Kinetic.
... Suivant la collecte des données, on a constaté que les enfants autistes ne poursuivent pas un encadrement adéquat qui répond à leurs besoins. La musique peut diminuer la mauvaise humeur et améliore les aspects positifs de l'humeur et la motivation et facilite la coordination motrice (Simpson et Karageorghis, 2006) via l'augmentation des perceptions de compétence (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997). En détournant l'attention du sportif, la musique peut jusqu'à faire oublier la fatigue et la douleur et permet aux athlètes de se dissocier des perceptions de la fatigue (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997;Chtourou, 2013) et de l'effort (RPE) (Yamashita et Iwai, 2006) qui découlent de l'activité physique. ...
... La musique peut diminuer la mauvaise humeur et améliore les aspects positifs de l'humeur et la motivation et facilite la coordination motrice (Simpson et Karageorghis, 2006) via l'augmentation des perceptions de compétence (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997). En détournant l'attention du sportif, la musique peut jusqu'à faire oublier la fatigue et la douleur et permet aux athlètes de se dissocier des perceptions de la fatigue (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997;Chtourou, 2013) et de l'effort (RPE) (Yamashita et Iwai, 2006) qui découlent de l'activité physique. Actuellement, dans le domaine de la chronobiologie de la performance sportive. ...
... New York: Nova publishers; 245-260. (Simpson et Karageorghis, 2006) via l'augmentation des perceptions de compétence (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997). En détournant l'attention du sportif, la musique peut jusqu'à faire oublier la fatigue et la douleur et permet aux athlètes de se dissocier des perceptions de la fatigue (Karageorghis et Terry, 1997;Chtourou, 2013) et de l'effort (RPE) (Yamashita et Iwai, 2006) qui découlent de l'activité physique. ...
... The four aspects surface in a hierarchical order in which the tempo is the most important, while the association is the least significant motivational feature (Karageorghis et al., 1999). Karageorghis and Terry (1997) suggested that during submaximal aerobic activities, such as swimming, people may synchronize their movement to musical tempo. This contention has received partial support in an electroencephalographic study of runners (Schneider, Askew, Abel, & Strüder, 2010). ...
... Based on the hedonic theory (Higgins, 1997), we conjectured that the actual pursuit of pleasure (which is the gist of this theory) starts with the decision to go for a swim, which could manifest in early acute psychological change even after a very brief period (i.e., 50 m lap). Furthermore, based on past research, we anticipated the natural synchronization of the movement to the music (Karageorghis & Terry, 1997;Large, 2000;Schneider et al., 2010). Therefore, we presumed that steady tempo drum beats at 72 bpm would generally decrease lap time by stimulating a faster (vs. ...
Article
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Swimming is one of the world’s most popular recreational exercises and sports. Scholastic writings consistently demonstrate their physical and mental benefits. In contrast to earlier works, the current field experiment examined whether an ultrashort 50m bout of swimming could yield positive changes in affect. It also tested whether swimming aided by steady and augmenting tempo (drumbeats) could generate additional psychological benefits, abbreviate swim time, and increase heart rate and perceived effort. Forty-eight adults completed freestyle or breaststroke 50m laps in three counterbalanced conditions. The tempo manipulation did not influence any of the measures. However, simmers’ core affect increased as manifested in higher self-reported feeling states and arousal, regardless of the experimental condition. Similarly, participants’ positive affect was also increased after 50m laps, and it was higher in breaststroke than freestyle swimmers throughout the study. No changes emerged in negative affect due to floor effects. These results show that core and positive affect improve after less than one minute of swimming, which might be the shortest ever exercise interval associated with positive psychological changes in recreational exercise. Several possible explanations could account for these findings. Therefore, further research is needed to identify the specific mechanism(s) responsible for the current results.
... Each experimental trial consisted of 8 min of brisk walking at a previously established velocity corresponding to 65% heart rate reserve based on the maximal heart rate recorded in a pretest. The music and MV interventions were selected as being motivational and appropriate for exercise based upon previously established criteria (Karageorghis & Terry, 1997) and positively valenced based upon ratings provided by a focus group; the two selected tracks were Good Feeling by Flo Rida (129 beats/min) and I Can Only Imagine by David Guetta feat. Chris Brown and Lil Wayne (128 beats/min). ...
Article
The affective response during exercise is an important factor for long-term exercise adherence. Pottratz et al. suggested affective priming as a behavioral intervention for the enhancement of exercise-related affect. The present paper aims to replicate and extend upon these findings. We conducted a close replication with 53 participants completing a brisk walking task in two conditions (prime vs. no prime). Affective valence was assessed during exercise, and exercise enjoyment and remembered/forecasted pleasure were assessed postexercise. We could not replicate the findings of Pottratz et al., finding no evidence for positive changes in psychological responses in the priming condition. However, linear mixed models demonstrated significant interindividual differences in how participants responded to priming. These results demonstrate that affective priming during exercise does not work for everyone under every circumstance and, thus, provide an important contribution to the understanding of boundary conditions and moderating factors for priming in exercise psychology.
... We can fill in some details of this picture even further by looking at how music plays a similar scaffolding role in other activities. Consider how music is used to drive exercise or manual labor (Karageorghis and Terry, 1997;Robinson, 2005, 395-405). Music is known to sharpen and sustain our attentional focus (Sridharan et al., 2007), which can be helpful when working through strenuous activities. ...
Article
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It is increasingly acknowledged that creativity cannot be fully understood without considering the setting where it takes place. Building on this premise, we use the concepts of niche construction, scaffolding, coupling, and functional integration to expound on the environmentally situated nature of painters’ studio work. Our analysis shows studios to be multi-resource niches that are customized by artists to support various capacities, states, and actions crucial to painting. When at work in these personalized spaces, painters do not need to rely solely on their “inner” powers of imagination, memory, decision making, and technique to execute their paintings. Instead, with the help of carefully selected resources, they can offload elements of creative mentation and action onto the studio niche and enact different forms of a creative agency. To put more flesh on these ideas, we examine how painters use (1) existing artworks, (2) memory aids, and (3) music to scaffold the creative process. Overall, our analysis illuminates underexamined aspects of environmentally situated creativity and demonstrates the broader utility of the applied concepts for future creativity research.
... This is a topic that has so far not received much research interest. However, cases of ultra-endurance athletes who actively practice dealing with boredom for upcoming challenges [55], and the use of music or podcasts as distractions in endurance sports [56], highlight the relevance of preparing for boredom during competition and training. Certainly, to design and test effective "boredom trainings", further applied research is needed to better understand boredom's role during training and during competition. ...
Article
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Sport and exercise can be boring. In the general population, thinking of sports as boring has been linked to exercising less. However, less is known about the role of boredom in people who participate in ultra-endurance competitions: Do these athletes also associate their sports with boredom , and does boredom pose a self-regulatory challenge that predicts if they encounter a crisis during an ultra-endurance competition? Here, we investigate these questions with a sample of N = 113 (n = 34 female) competitors of a 24 h hour running competition, aged M = 37.6 ± 13.8 years. In this study, n = 23 very extreme athletes competed as single starters or in a relay team of 2, and n = 84 less extreme athletes competed in relay teams of 4 or 6. Before the run, athletes completed self-report measures on sport-specific trait boredom, as well as the degree to which they expected boredom, pain, effort, and willpower to constitute self-regulatory challenges they would have to cope with. After the run, athletes reported the degree to which they actually had to deal with these self-regulatory challenges and if they had faced an action crisis during the competition. Analyses revealed that very extreme athletes displayed a significantly lower sport-specific trait boredom than less extreme athletes (p = 0.024, d = −0.48). With respect to self-regulatory challenges, willpower, pain, and effort were expected and reported at a much higher rate than boredom. However, only boredom was as a significant predictor of experiencing a crisis during the competition (odds ratio = 12.5, p = 0.02). Our results show that boredom also matters for highly active athletes. The fact that the experience of boredom-and not more prototypical competition-induced challenges, such as pain or effort were linked to having an action crisis highlights the relevance of incorporating boredom into the preparation for a race and to the performance management during competition.
... We can fill in some details of this picture even further by looking at how music plays a similar scaffolding role in other activities. Consider how music is used to drive exercise or manual labor (Karageorghis and Terry, 1997;Robinson, 2005, 395-405). Music is known to sharpen and sustain our attentional focus (Sridharan et al., 2007), which can be helpful when working through strenuous activities. ...
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Our shared fascination with studios indicates that the nature of creative work cannot be fully understood without factoring in the setting where it takes place. This principle has informed recent creativity research in two noteworthy ways. First, increasing attention has been paid to the ways in which creative practitioners actively construct and utilize particular environments to enhance their creative efforts, and second, it has been argued that, as ecologically situated processes, creative cognition and action interweave with the environment in various significant ways (see, e.g., Brinck, 2007; Glaveanu, 2014; Malinin, 2016; Fabry, 2018; Withagen & van der Kamp, 2018). Together these studies suggest that the studio is indeed a special place where special things do happen, not only in terms of creative output but also in regard to the artist’s mind. But how, precisely, are artists bound up with their studios, and what does this close-knit relation entail for the cognitions and actions intrinsic to creativity?
Article
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Music is made up of several features ( e.g ., melody and rhythm) and it accompanies our life in different daily activities. During the last years, there was a growing interest in research about the music-related effects in the exercise domain. Music stimuli could act as an ergogenic effect leading to improvements in health-related and physical fitness components like cardiorespiratory endurance and muscular fitness. Moreover, listening to music may positively affect individuals’ psychological state which could lead to increased exercise adherence. Conflicting data exist regarding the effects of music on cardiorespiratory and muscle-strengthening exercises indicating that music’s characteristics ( i.e ., rhythm and musicality), studied samples ( i.e ., athletes and amateur) and methodology ( i.e ., self-selected music and research-selected music) might influence the results. Listening to music while exercising is becoming more frequent also in recreationally active individuals. While literature mainly focused on the effects of music in elite and amateur athletes, little data are available regarding recreationally active participants. Therefore, this review aims to summarize evidence regarding the effects of music on health-related physical fitness components in recreationally active individuals, specifically referring to cardiorespiratory endurance and muscular fitness. These outcomes will be helpful to all recreationally active participants to optimize the exercise protocol with the use of music.
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