South Australia is the cave art-richest state of Australia. So far, two concentrations of rock art occurring in limestone caves have been recorded, one on the Nullarbor Plain in the state's west, the other on the Mt Gambier karst in the far southeast. Both cave art regions extend into the two adjoining states, Western Australia and Victoria. The Mt Gambier corpus represents one of the two largest ... [Show full abstract] concentrations of cave art known in the world. The history of the discovery of South Australian cave art is presented, together with a brief evaluation of the research so far conducted and of its results.