Article

Desemprego Regional no Brasil: Uma Abordagem Empírica

Department of Economics PUC-Rio
Graduate School of Economics, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 04/1997;
Source: RePEc
ABSTRACT
This paper analyses convergence of unemployment rates in Poland at NUTS4 level by testing nonlinear convergence, applying the modified KSS-CHLL for each pair of territorial units. The results suggest that actually the convergence is a rare phenomenon and occurs only in 1916 cases out of potential over 70 000 combinations. This paper inquires what systematic reasons contribute to this phenomenon. There are some circumstances under which unemployment convergence should be more expected than in others. These include sharing a higher level territorial authority, experiencing similar labour market hardship or sharing the same structural characteristics. For each of these three criteria we analyse the frequency of the differential nonstationarity within groups (as evidence of convergence) and across groups (as evidence of "catching up").

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    • "In addition to that, one can notice that Salvador, Rio de Janeiro and Recife have, respectively, the highest maximum values.Table 2 shows that Greater São Paulo has the highest correlation with Brazil, which is expected once it is Brazil's biggest metropolitan region. It is also clear that Rio has the lowest mean, which indicates something very peculiar, and that Greater Recife has the lowest correlation, followed by Greater Salvador, as pointed out by Corseuil, Gonzaga & Issler (1999). Again, the reason for such finding is because Recife had very high unemployment rates between 1992 and 1994 and Salvador had a similar pattern around year 2000. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this work is to analyze the regional unemployment rate behavior in Brazil. Firstly, unit root tests with structural breaks were used to determine which theoretical framework - hysteresis or NAIRU - is more appropriate to explain the unemployment dynamics not only in six Brazilian metropolitan areas - São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Salvador and Recife - but also at national level. Hysteresis is found to be the best choice in five, but Rio de Janeiro. This indicates a high persistence in the Brazilian regional unemployment rate. Secondly, we investigated whether these five metropolitan regions, characterized by the hysteresis effect, show a stochastic convergence. The latter was found in every case, but Porto Alegre.
    Preview · Article · May 2009 · The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance
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    • "xas de desemprego de todos os estados são iguais foi rejeitada, assim, concluímos que cada estado tem sua própria taxa, o que reforça a indicação do modelo de efeitos fixos. As diferenças persistentes e idiossincráticas das regiões (estados) encontradas neste trabalho, também esta presente, implícita ou explicitamente, nos trabalhos de Corseuil et al. (1999); Oliveira e Cruz (2000); Oliveira e Carneiro (2001). De acordo com Marston (1985), o desvio padrão da taxa de desemprego de equilíbrio σ α deve ser maior que desvio padrão dos componentes do desemprego de desequilíbrio σ η . No entanto, neste modelo foi encontrado um resultado contrário para a estimação do modelo de efeitos fixos. Quand"
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this paper is to extend the theoretical model of the theory of unemployment of Marston (1985) and to apply for the Brazilian States, with special prominence in the evaluation of the role exerted for the education (human capital) of the unemployed in the unemployment rate. In accordance with the theory, the fixed effect as attractiveness, wages, and market structure of the States exerts important influences on the unemployment rate. However, in our view the model omits the main characteristic of the unemployed ones that is the average education. Thus, in this paper we correct this problem of omitted variable. Another innovation is related to the aspect of the econometrical estimates. Besides specification tests, fixed and random effects estimates, we estimate dynamic equations that account for the omitted variable problem and also eliminates potential endogenous (reverse causality) problems. As main result, the level of education of the unemployed have a causal relation on the unemployment rate of a non linear form, inverted U. The unemployment rate is increased for average knowledge below for years and declines after that. With regard to the market structure of the economy, the agriculture sector demonstrated to be the only one that help reduces the unemployment tax. The reason is that this sector generates jobs of low qualification compatible with the low education level of the unemployed work force.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2006
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    • "In addition to that, one can notice that Salvador, Rio de Janeiro and Recife have, respectively, the highest maximum values.Table 2 shows that Greater São Paulo has the highest correlation with Brazil, which is expected once it is Brazil's biggest metropolitan region. It is also clear that Rio has the lowest mean, which indicates something very peculiar, and that Greater Recife has the lowest correlation, followed by Greater Salvador, as pointed out by Corseuil, Gonzaga & Issler (1999). Again, the reason for such finding is because Recife had very high unemployment rates between 1992 and 1994 and Salvador had a similar pattern around year 2000. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper analyses convergence of unemployment rates in Poland at NUTS4 level by testing nonlinear convergence, applying the modified KSS-CHLL for each pair of territorial units. The results suggest that actually the convergence is a rare phenomenon and occurs only in 1916 cases out of potential over 70 000 combinations. This paper inquires what systematic reasons contribute to this phenomenon. There are some circumstances under which unemployment convergence should be more expected than in others. These include sharing a higher level territorial authority, experiencing similar labour market hardship or sharing the same structural characteristics. For each of these three criteria we analyse the frequency of the differential nonstationarity within groups (as evidence of convergence) and across groups (as evidence of "catching up").
    Preview · Article · Jan 2006
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