Proteomic analysis of polyketide and nonribosomal peptide biosynthesis

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California-San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0358, USA.
Current opinion in chemical biology (Impact Factor: 6.81). 11/2010; 15(1):48-56. DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2010.10.021
Source: PubMed


Polyketides and non-ribosomal peptides are in a class of natural products important both as drug sources and as dangerous toxins and virulence factors. While studies over the last two decades have provided substantial characterization of the modular synthases that produce these compounds at the genetic level, their understanding at the protein level is much less understood. New proteomic platforms called an orthogonal active site identification system (OASIS) and proteomic interrogation of secondary metabolism (PrISM) have been developed to identify and quantify natural product synthase enzymes. Reviewed here, these tools offer the means to discover and analyze modular synthetic pathways that are limited by genetic techniques, opening the tools of contemporary proteomics to natural product sciences.

Download full-text


Available from: Michael D Burkart
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Progress in DNA technology, analytical methods and computational tools is leading to new developments in synthetic biology and metabolic engineering, enabling new ways to produce molecules of industrial and therapeutic interest. Here, we review recent progress in both antibiotic production and strategies to counteract bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Advances in sequencing and cloning are increasingly enabling the characterization of antibiotic biosynthesis pathways, and new systematic methods for de novo biosynthetic pathway prediction are allowing the exploration of the metabolic chemical space beyond metabolic engineering. Moreover, we survey the computer-assisted design of modular assembly lines in polyketide synthases and non-ribosomal peptide synthases for the development of tailor-made antibiotics. Nowadays, production of novel antibiotic can be tranferred into any chosen chassis by optimizing a host factory through specific strain modifications. These advances in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology are leading to novel strategies for engineering antimicrobial agents with desired specificities.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Biotechnology Journal
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In Taxus plants the biosynthesis of the pharmaceutical paclitaxel includes the transfer of β-amino phenylpropanoyls from coenzyme A to the diterpenoid baccatin III by an acyl CoA-dependent acyltransferase. Several enzymes on the pathway are known, yet a few remain unidentified, including the putative ligase that biosynthesizes key β-amino phenylpropanoyl CoAs. The multienzyme, nonribosomal peptide synthetase that produces tyrocidines contains a tridomain starter module tyrocidine synthetase A that normally activates (S)-α-Phe to an adenylate anhydride in the adenylation domain. The Phe moiety is then thioesterified by the pendent pantetheine of the adjacent thiolation domain. Herein, the adenylation domain was found to function as a CoA ligase, making α-, β-phenylalanyl, and phenylisoserinyl CoA. The latter two are substrates of a phenylpropanoyltransferase on the biosynthetic pathway of the antimitotic paclitaxel.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Chemistry & biology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Covering: 2007 to 2011. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep., 2007, 24, 750Common to all FASs, PKSs and NRPSs is a remarkable component, the acyl or peptidyl carrier protein (A/PCP). These take the form of small individual proteins in type II systems or discrete folded domains in the multi-domain type I systems and are characterized by a fold consisting of three major α-helices and between 60-100 amino acids. This protein is central to these biosynthetic systems and it must bind and transport a wide variety of functionalized ligands as well as mediate numerous protein-protein interactions, all of which contribute to efficient enzyme turnover. This review covers the structural and biochemical characterization of carrier proteins, as well as assessing their interactions with different ligands, and other synthase components. Finally, their role as an emerging tool in biotechnology is discussed.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Natural Product Reports
Show more