Ex vivo sentinel lymph node mapping in laparoscopic resection of colon cancer

Bon Secours Hampton Roads Health System, Suffolk, Virginia, USA.
Colorectal Disease (Impact Factor: 2.35). 11/2010; 13(11):1249-55. DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-1318.2010.02450.x
Source: PubMed


The study examined the feasibility and potential benefit of ex vivo sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping, including multilevel sectioning (MLS) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in colon cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy. The secondary goals were (i) to identify patient and tumour characteristics that might influence the success of the SLN technique, (ii) to investigate the extent of lymphadenectomy required to encompass tumour-positive nonsentinel lymph nodes (NSLN) and (iii) to ascertain the association of SLN status with oncological outcomes.
SLN mapping was performed after specimen extraction using 1% Isosulfan blue. The SLNs were analysed with H&E staining after MLS, and if negative, IHC was performed. NSLNs were grouped by distance either greater than or less than 4 cm from the tumour.
Seventy-one patients completed the study between 2003 and 2007. Using H&E with MLS, the accuracy of SLN mapping was 76%, sensitivity was 52% and the false-negative rate was 48%. Excluding patients with clinically positive lymph nodes resulted in a significant improvement in accuracy to 81% and decreased the false-negative rate to 30%. Furthermore, as the only positive NSLN > 4 cm from the tumour was grossly positive, SLN mapping with a 4-cm mesenteric cuff would have given 100% sensitivity in patients without macroscopically involved nodes.
SLN mapping may be of value in selected patients. It may be possible to accurately stage patients with a 4-cm cuff of mesentery, although further validation of this proposal is required.

1 Follower
5 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lymph node status is the most important prognostic factor in colon cancer, but the role of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) as a tool for identification of micrometastatic disease and extraanatomical lymph nodes for adjuvant strategies and a tailored approach still remains unclear. Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence detection is a new method for SLNB allowing real-time lymphography and lymph node detection. This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of fluorescence-guided sentinel lymph node detection in colon carcinoma. Twenty six patients with colon adenocarcinoma were prospectively included in this study. Intraoperatively, a peritumorous injection with a mean of 2.0 ml ICG was performed, followed by lymphatic mapping and SLNB. Clinical feasibility, detection rate, and sensitivity of the method were analyzed. No adverse reactions occurred due to the injection of ICG. Overall, ICG fluorescence imaging identified 1.7 sentinel lymph node (SLN) in average in 25 out of 26 patients (detection rate, 96%). Metastatic involvement of the SLN was found in nine out of 11 nodal positive patients by conventional histopathology. The sensitivity of the method was 82% for colon carcinoma, respectively. ICG fluorescence imaging is a new, feasible method for SLNB of colon carcinoma and enables ultrastaging with improved accuracy but with limited validity due to the small number of cases. One advantage of this technique is real-time visualization of lymphatic vessels and SLNB without radiation exposure. Further, larger series are necessary to analyze the role of fluorescence-guided SLNB for colon cancer.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · International Journal of Colorectal Disease
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Extended lymphadenectomy has gained considerable attention as an adjunct to conventional colon cancer surgery with the hope that it may potentially decrease local recurrence rates and improve cancer-specific outcome measures. Despite the enthusiasm surrounding these techniques, it is difficult to establish any additional survival benefit associated with more comprehensive lymphadenectomy strategies when these are performed in addition to conventional colon cancer surgery. Furthermore, these techniques remain unproven by large randomized clinical trials. The appropriate indications for performing extended lymphadenectomy also remain unclear, and there is a lack of standardization with regard to surgical technique. Moreover, there are a number of confounding factors that frequently receive little attention when oncological outcome measures are reported following extended lymphadenectomy in the setting of colon cancer. The purpose of this review is to outline these confounding issues and discuss their impact on reports describing cancer-specific outcome measures following the use of extended lymphadenectomy techniques. Furthermore, this review proposes that in light of the available published evidence, the role of radical lymphadenectomy is currently unproven, with large randomized clinical trials required in the future to determine whether there is a survival benefit for colon cancer patients.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · World Journal of Surgery
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Non-inferiority of laparoscopic treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been demonstrated in randomized controlled trials although operative and perioperative management varies widely among centers. Literature data in English language published up to April 15, 2014 were analyzed in order to give an up to date analysis that would highlights the key aspects of a modern and factual minimally invasive treatment of CRC. Laparoscopic resection is the first choice treatment of colon cancer. Laparoscopic resection of rectal cancer should be considered an investigational procedure to be performed in high volume centers with special interest in laparoscopy and colorectal surgery. Less invasive approaches should be taken into account with the aim of reducing surgical stress. The adoption of ERAS programs has demonstrated to optimize short-term results. Future research should be directed to prove possible long-term advantages, in terms of overall and disease-free survival, of minimally invasive treatment of CRC.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Surgical Oncology
Show more