Terbium (III) chelate complexes as fluorescence energy transfer donor in the determination of formaldehyde in aqueous solutions
The sensitized fluorescence intensity of the terbium (III) ion can be notably enhanced in the presence of sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP). Based on this, water-soluble Tb-SHMP chelate complexes were synthesized in aqueous solutions, and characterized by spectrofluorometry. 6-Mercapto-5-triazole[4,3-b]-S-tetrazine was generated by the quantitative reaction of HCHO with 4-amino-3-hydrazino-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole under alkaline conditions at room temperature. The spectral overlap between the emission of Tb-SHMP chelate complexes and absorption of 6-mercapto-5-triazole[4,3-b]-S-tetrazine meets the prerequisite for fluorescence energy transfer. Based on this, a novel efficient fluorescence energy transfer system between Tb-SHMP chelate complexes as donor and 6-mercapto-5-triazole[4,3-b]-S-tetrazine as acceptor was developed for the determination of HCHO in aqueous solutions. Under the optimal experimental conditions, this method is capable of detecting HCHO concentrations from 2.06×10(-5) to 6.18×10(-3) mg mL(-1) and the limit of detection was 7.11×10(-6) mg mL(-1). Compared with other general methods for the determination of HCHO, the proposed method improved the sensitivity and selectivity. Moreover, the proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of HCHO in water samples.
Available from: Jacek Namieśnik
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ABSTRACT: Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) contains many toxic compounds which include substances classified as aldehydes (e.g. formaldehyde) and inorganic substances such as cyanide ions. The information on the determination of these compounds in water is available, but the monitoring data on the level of these substances in human body fluids are still lacking. In this work the procedure for determining cyanide ions and formaldehyde in samples of human nasal discharge by simple spectrophotometric technique is presented.
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ABSTRACT: The title compound has been prepared and characterized by 1 HNMR, FT-IR, fluorescence spectrum and thermal analysis. The crystal and molecular structures of dimethyl-(4-(7-acetoxyl-2H -chromen-2-one))-methyl-(2-acrylate)- ethyl-ammonium bromide were determined by X-ray diffraction methods. The compound crystallizes in Monoclinic system, space group C2/c, with lattice parameters a = 22.799(5), b =12.122(2), c =14.580(3) Å β = 90.76(3)° Mr = 440.29, V = 4029.1(14) Å 3 , Z = 8, Dc= 1.452 g/cm 3 , F(000) = 1808, R = 0.0679 and wR = 0.1450. In the structure, The four N-C bond distances are in the range of 1.473(6) ∼ 1.531(6) Å The 1 HNMR and FT-IR data are in agreement with the structural data. The title compound also shows good fluorescent behaviors. The fluorescent intensity changed little at pH ranging from 7.5 to 9.5. The pH value of the circulation cooling water is in this range so that the title compound can be used in tracer detection.
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