Phase Behavior and Vapor Pressures of the Pyrene + 9,10-Dibromoanthracene System.

Brown University Department of Chemistry, Providence, RI USA 02912.
Fluid Phase Equilibria (Impact Factor: 2.2). 11/2010; 298(2):219-224. DOI: 10.1016/j.fluid.2010.07.023
Source: PubMed


The present work concerns the thermochemical and vapor pressure behavior of the pyrene + 9,10-dibromoanthracene system. The phase diagram of the system has been studied using the thaw melt method and the results show the formation of non-eutectic multiphase mixtures. The temperatures of crystallization, and enthalpies of fusion and crystallization of the system were determined by differential scanning calorimetry. The system behavior can be divided into 5 regions. The X-ray diffraction results also indicated the existence of multiple phase characteristics. The solid-vapor equilibrium studies showed that for mixtures with high mole fractions of pyrene, two different preferred states exist that determine the vapor pressure. For those mixtures with moderate and low mole fractions of pyrene, only one preferred state exists that determines vapor pressure behavior. It was also demonstrated that the vapor pressure of the mixtures is independent of the mixture preparation technique.

Download full-text


Available from: Eric M. Suuberg
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Solid–liquid phase equilibrium data of three binary organic systems, namely, 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde (HB)—4-bromo-2-nitroanilne (BNA), benzoin (BN)—resorcinol (RC) and urea (U)—1,3-dinitrobenzene (DNB), were studied by the thaw–melt method. While the former two systems show the formation of simple eutectic, the third system shows the formation of a monotectic and a eutectic with a large immiscibility region where two immiscible liquid phases are in equilibrium with a liquid of single phase. Growth kinetics of the pure components, the monotectic and the eutectics, studied by measuring the rate of movement (v) of solid–liquid interface in a thin U-tube at different undercoolings (ΔT) suggests the applicability of the Hillig–Turnbull’s equation: v = u (ΔT)n , where v and n are the constants depending on the nature of the materials involved. The thermal properties of materials such as heat of mixing, entropy of fusion, roughness parameter, interfacial energy, and excess thermodynamic functions were computed from the enthalpy of fusion values, determined by differential scanning calorimeter (Mettler DSC-4000) system. The role of solid–liquid interfacial energy on morphologic change of monotectic growth has also been discussed. The microstructures of monotectic and eutectics were taken which showed lamellar and federal features.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thermal conductivity variations with temperature for solid phases in the Urea (U)–[X] mol pct 4-bromo-2-nitroaniline (BNA) system (X = 0, 2, 45, 89.9, and 100) were measured using the radial heat flow method. From graphs of thermal conductivity variations with temperature, the thermal conductivities of the solid phases at their melting temperature and temperature coefficients for the U–[X] mol pct BNA system (X = 0, 2, 45, 89.9, and 100) were found to be 0.26, 0.55, 0.46, 0.38, and 0.23 W/Km and 0.007781, 0.005552, 0.002058, 0.002188, and 0.002811 K−1, respectively. The ratios of thermal conductivity of the liquid phase to thermal conductivity of the solid phase in the U–[X] mol pct BNA system (X = 0, 2, 45, 89.9, and 100) were also measured to be 0.30, 0.44, 0.46, 0.49, and 0.51, respectively, with a Bridgman-type directional solidification apparatus at their melting temperature.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study explores the solid/liquid phase behavior of mixtures of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), exploring the transition from non-ideal solid mixtures to a relatively ideal liquid behavior characteristic of "tars". PAH mixtures have been studied using differential scanning calorimetry, melting point analysis and Knudsen effusion. Mixtures of anthracene, pyrene and fluoranthene show behavior that is consistent with other binary PAH mixtures; that is, the initially solid mixture exhibits a significant melting point depression, relative to the pure components, and in a certain range of composition, solid azeotrope behavior on vaporization. As the number of distinct PAH species is increased (by adding in benzo[a]pyrene, phenanthrene, fluorene and chrysene) this behavior gradually gives way to liquid phase character at even room temperature, and the vaporization behavior approaches that crudely predictable from ideal mixture theory.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2011 · Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Show more