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Special Report-Pediatric Basic Life Support: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care

PEDIATRICS (Impact Factor: 5.47). 10/2010; 126(5):e1345-60. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2010-2972C
Source: PubMed
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    • "The principal outcomes examined were: return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC); survival at 30 days, to hospital discharge, at one year and at five years or other duration post event/discharge; duration of admission; neurological and functional outcome at 30 days, at one year, five years or other duration; and, quality of life measurements. We aimed to research after the dissemination of 'Guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care: an international consensus on science'[4,5]and so limited our review to studies published after 2003. "
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiopulmonary arrest in children is an uncommon event, and often fatal. Resuscitation is often attempted, but at what point, and under what circumstances do continued attempts to re-establish circulation become futile? The uncertainty around these questions can lead to unintended distress to the family and to the resuscitation team.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · PLoS ONE
    • "We observe the ventilation cycle time, especially first cycle (more than 6s delay) in two techniques was associated with fall of the total time for CPR. This time is longer than optimum recommended time.[6202122] This study found that the mean of chest compression in two positions for each cycle was below the recommended time (lower 23s).[3] "
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    ABSTRACT: mask fixation in the lateral position is difficult during CPR. the aim of this study is to compare the lateral CPR for the use of bag-valve mask by single paramedic rescuer as well as over-the-head CPR on the chest compression and ventilation on the manikin. Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. The design of this study was a randomized cross-over trial. participants learned a standardized theoretical introduction CPR according to the 2010 guidelines. The total number of chest compressions per two minutes was measured. Total number of correct and wrong ventilation per two minutes was evaluated. we used Wilcoxon signed-rank test to analyze the non-normally distributed data in dependence groups A. P-value of more than 0.05 was considered to show statistical significance. there were 100 participants (45 women and 55 men) who participated in the study from September to March, 2011. The compression and ventilation rate in lateral CPR was lower than OTH CPR. Around 51% of participants had correct chest compression rate more than 90 beats per minute in lateral CPR and 65% of them had equal or more than ten correct ventilations per minute. in conclusion, this study confirmed that in a simulated CPR model over-the-head position CPR led to a better BLS than the lateral position CPR by a single paramedic student with a BVM device. We also concluded that by this new BVM fixation method on the face of the patients in the lateral position CPR can be a good alternative over-the-head mask fixation by a single trained rescuer.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014

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