Protein kinase A regulates caspase-1 via Ets-1 in bone stromal cell-derived lesions: A link between cyclic AMP and pro-inflammatory pathways in osteoblast progenitors

PDEGEN, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
Human Molecular Genetics (Impact Factor: 6.39). 10/2010; 20(1):165-75. DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddq455
Source: PubMed


Patients with genetic defects of the cyclic (c) adenosine-monophosphate (AMP)-signaling pathway and those with neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease (NOMID) develop tumor-like lesions of the long bones. The molecular basis of this similarity is unknown. NOMID is caused by inappropriate caspase-1 activity, which in turn activates the inflammasome. The present study demonstrates that NOMID bone lesions are derived from the same osteoblast progenitor cells that form fibroblastoid tumors in mice and humans with defects that lead to increased cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) signaling. NOMID tumor cells showed high PKA activity, and an increase in their cAMP signaling led to PKA-specific activation of caspase-1. Increased PKA led to inflammation-independent activation of caspase-1 via over-expression of the proto-oncogene (and early osteoblast factor) Ets-1. In NOMID tumor cells, as in cells with defective PKA regulation, increased prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) led to increased cAMP levels and activation of Wnt signaling, like in other states of inappropriate PKA activity. Caspase-1 and PGE2 inhibition led to a decrease in cell proliferation of both NOMID and cells with abnormal PKA. These data reveal a previously unsuspected link between abnormal cAMP signaling and defective regulation of the inflammasome and suggest that caspase-1 and PGE2 inhibition may be therapeutic targets in bone lesions associated with defects of these two pathways.

Download full-text


Available from: Jean-Charles Grivel
  • Source
    • "Ets1 is involved in the regulation of TXNIP transcription induced by a synthetic retinoid CD437 in human osteosarcoma cells [25]. cAMP-PKA signaling pathway upregulates expression of Ets1, which in turn directly activates the expression of caspase-1, the enzyme that activates IL-1β by cleaving pro-IL-1β, suggesting a link between Ets1 and NLRP3 inflammasome [26]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Long-term activation of extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) pathway has been shown to cause glucotoxicity and inhibit insulin gene expression in β-cells. Transcription factor Ets1 is activated by ERK1/2-mediated phosphorylation at the Thr38 residue. We hypothesize that Ets1 plays an important role in mediating ERK1/2 induced glucotoxicity in β-cells. We determined the role of Ets1 in Min6 cells and isolated mouse islets using overexpression and siRNA mediated knockdown of Ets1. The results show that Ets1 was localized in insulin-staining positive cells but not in glucagon-staining positive cells. Overexpression of Ets1 reduced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in primary mouse islets. Overexpression of Ets1 in Min6 β-cells and mouse islets increased expression of thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP). Conversely, knockdown of Ets1 by siRNA reduced expression of TXNIP in Min6 cells. Ets1 was associated with the txnip promoter in min6 cells and transfection of 293 cells with Ets1 and p300 synergistically increased txnip promoter reporter activity. Moreover, overexpression of Ets1 inhibited Min6 cell proliferation. Our results suggest that Ets1, by promoting TXNIP expression, negatively regulates β-cell function. Thus, over-activation of Ets1 may contribute to diet-induced β-cell dysfunction.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · PLoS ONE
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The overwhelming majority of benign lesions of the adrenal cortex leading to Cushing syndrome are linked to one or another abnormality of the cAMP signaling pathway. A small number of both massive macronodular adrenocortical disease and cortisol-producing adenomas harbor somatic GNAS mutations. Micronodular adrenocortical hyperplasias are either pigmented (the classic form being that of primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease) or non-pigmented; micronodular adrenocortical hyperplasias can be seen in the context of other conditions or isolated; for example, primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease usually occurs in the context of Carney complex, but isolated primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease has also been described. Both Carney complex and isolated primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease are caused by germline PRKAR1A mutations; somatic mutations of this gene that regulates cAMP-dependent protein kinase are also found in cortisol-producing adenomas, and abnormalities of PKA are present in most cases of massive macronodular adrenocortical disease. Micronodular adrenocortical hyperplasias and some cortisol-producing adenomas are associated with phosphodiesterase 11A and 8B defects, coded, respectively, by the PDE11A and PDE8B genes. Mouse models of Prkar1a deficiency also show that increased cAMP signaling leads to tumors in adrenal cortex and other tissues. In this review, we summarize all recent data from ours and other laboratories, supporting the view that Wnt-signaling acts as an important mediator of tumorigenicity induced by abnormal PRKAR1A function and aberrant cAMP signaling.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To review current knowledge on the involvement of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and interacting signaling pathways in predisposition to tumor formation in primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD), a type of bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (BAH) related to the multiple endocrine neoplasia Carney complex, and also in isolated PPNAD and other BAHs. We review the pertinent literature and discuss genetic defects associated with various endocrine and nonendocrine tumors. A decade ago, we discovered that PPNAD and the Carney complex are caused by PRKAR1A mutations. PRKAR1A encodes the protein kinase A (PKA) regulatory subunit type IA, an important regulator of cAMP signaling in most cells. Recently, we described PKA or PRKAR1A abnormalities in a variety of other BAHs; in some of these cases, mutations in additional genes of the cAMP signaling pathway, the phosphodiesterases, were identified. Transcriptomic analyses of human lesions or animal models showed that abnormal cAMP/PKA signaling in the adrenal glands, and also in other tissues such as bone, leads to proliferation of tissue-specific pluripotential cells through activation of Wnt signaling. Recent findings indicate the relevance of cAMP signaling in the pathogenesis of adrenocortical disease and point to the Wnt signaling pathway as a potential important mediator of tumorigenesis related to increased cAMP or PKA signaling (or both).
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Endocrine Practice
Show more