Generalized free-space diffuse photon transport model based on the influence analysis of a camera lens diaphragm

Video and Image Processing System Laboratory, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710071, China.
Applied Optics (Impact Factor: 1.78). 10/2010; 49(29):5654-64. DOI: 10.1364/AO.49.005654
Source: PubMed


The camera lens diaphragm is an important component in a noncontact optical imaging system and has a crucial influence on the images registered on the CCD camera. However, this influence has not been taken into account in the existing free-space photon transport models. To model the photon transport process more accurately, a generalized free-space photon transport model is proposed. It combines Lambertian source theory with analysis of the influence of the camera lens diaphragm to simulate photon transport process in free space. In addition, the radiance theorem is also adopted to establish the energy relationship between the virtual detector and the CCD camera. The accuracy and feasibility of the proposed model is validated with a Monte-Carlo-based free-space photon transport model and physical phantom experiment. A comparison study with our previous hybrid radiosity-radiance theorem based model demonstrates the improvement performance and potential of the proposed model for simulating photon transport process in free space.

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