Bullying among pediatric patients with food allergy

ArticleinAnnals of allergy, asthma & immunology: official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology 105(4):282-6 · October 2010with25 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.60 · DOI: 10.1016/j.anai.2010.07.011 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    There are reports of children and teens with food allergy being harassed because of their food allergy, yet no study to date has attempted to characterize these occurrences.
    To determine the presence and characteristics of bullying, teasing, or harassment of food-allergic patients owing to their food allergies.
    Questionnaires were completed by food-allergic teens and adults and by parents of food-allergic children.
    A total of 353 surveys were completed. Because most food-allergic individuals were children, most surveys were completed by parents of food-allergic individuals. The ages of the food-allergic individuals were younger than 4 years (25.9%), 4 to 11 years (55.0%), 12 to 18 years (12.5%), 19 to 25 years (2.6%), and older than 25 years (4.0%). Including all age groups, 24% of respondents reported that the food-allergic individual had been bullied, teased, or harassed because of food allergy. Of those who were bullied, teased, or harassed, 86% reported multiple episodes. Eighty-two percent of episodes occurred at school, and 80% were perpetrated mainly by classmates. Twenty-one percent of those who were bullied, teased, or harassed reported the perpetrators to be teachers or school staff. Overall, 79% of those bullied, teased, or harassed attributed this solely to food allergy. Of those bullied, 57% described physical events, such as being touched by an allergen and having an allergen thrown or waved at them, and several reported intentional contamination of their food with allergen.
    Bullying, teasing, and harassment of children with food allergy seems to be common, frequent, and repetitive. These actions pose emotional and physical risks that should be addressed in food allergy management.

    Similar publications