Cultural translation: Acceptability and efficacy of a US-based injury prevention intervention in China
Center for Injury Research and Prevention at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Injury Prevention
(Impact Factor: 1.89).
10/2010; 16(5):296-301. DOI: 10.1136/ip.2009.023341
Increased belt-positioning booster seat (BPB) awareness and access have led to increased use in the USA. Although transportation in Beijing is rapidly becoming 'motorised', Beijing's population has limited awareness of or access to BPBs.
To explore the efficacy and acceptability of using a US-developed BPB use promotion intervention in Beijing.
Methods were adapted from a previously executed US-based study involving parents of 3-8-year old children. Focus groups (five groups, 71 participants) elicited behavioural antecedents to BPB use and reactions to video interventions promoting BPB use: a Chinese-produced instructional video and an English-language (dubbed into Mandarin) video that delivered concrete, theoretically driven messages through a personal story. Immediately after the focus groups, participants were provided with education and a free BPB. Participants were contacted 6 weeks later via telephone about use, knowledge and attitudes.
Chinese parents saw safety as the most important benefit of BPB use; lack of accurate knowledge about and access to BPBs were parents' most prevalent barriers. Chinese participants described the videos as persuasive and instructional. At 6 weeks, participants remembered the messages of the English-language video, and reported BPB use increased from a baseline of 15.5% to 85.5%.
This study shows the possibility of exporting US-designed prevention interventions dubbed into Mandarin without the need to alter their original context (in this case, an African American family in a US setting) into a Chinese context. Successful cultural translation involved ensuring that the behavioural antecedents targeted in the intervention (eg, barriers and benefits) were of relevance to the Chinese population.
Available from: Liping Li
- "These programs, along with the fact that many hospitals provide the safety seats to families required by law, have helped reduce injuries and deaths of children while traveling in a car . Currently, there is no regulation on child safety restraint use in China, and few programs have been conducted to educate new parents about CSS so far –. "
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To evaluate a hospital-based educational program to increase child safety restraint knowledge and use among birthing mothers.
A prospective experimental and control study was performed in the Obstetrics department of hospitals. A total of 216 new birthing mothers from two hospitals (114 from intervention hospital and 102 from comparison hospital) were recruited and enrolled in the study. Intervention mothers received a height chart, an 8-minute video and a folded pamphlet regarding child safety restraint use during their hospital stay after giving birth. Evaluation data on the child safety seat (CSS) awareness, attitudes, and use were collected among both groups before and after the intervention. An additional phone interview was conducted among the intervention mothers two months after discharge.
No significant differences existed between groups when comparing demographics. Over 90% of the intervention mothers found the educational intervention to be helpful to some extent. A significantly higher percentage of mothers in the intervention than the comparison group reported that CSS are necessary and are the safest seating practice. Nearly 20% of the intervention mothers actually purchased CSS for their babies after the intervention. While in both the intervention and comparison group, over 80% of mothers identified the ages of two through five as needing CSS, fewer than 50% of both groups identified infants as needing CSS, even after the intervention.
The results indicated that child safety restraint education implemented in hospitals helps increase birthing mothers' overall knowledge and use of CSS. Further efforts are needed to address specific age-related needs to promote car seats use among infants.
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ABSTRACT: Injuries are a major and growing public health problem, a leading cause of death and disabilities among people aged 1-44 years around the world. Each year, 5.8 million people die from injuries, accounting for 10% of the world's deaths. Road traffic injuries (RTIs), self-inflicted injuries and violence are the top three leading causes of all injury deaths, while RTIs, falls and drowning are the top three leading causes of unintentional injury death. In many high-income countries, trends of injury death have been decreasing as a result of prevention measures. In contrast, trends in low- and middle-income countries have been rising. In this article, we review the prevention strategies for RTIs, violence, falls and drowning developed over decades to disseminate the knowledge and inform health care providers, especially acute care physicians, about the importance of injury prevention.
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ABSTRACT: Child passenger restraint practices in China are poorly characterized and few direct observational studies have been performed. This study aims to describe child passenger restraint use and to investigate factors influencing the restraint practices. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted at toll-gates in Shanghai during an 11-day period in June in 2009. A pro-forma observation checklist was used to collect data related to restraint use by child passengers aged ≤ 12 years, restraint use by drivers, and the number of child passengers traveling in passenger cars registered in Shanghai. Adjusted risk ratios (RR) comparing those children who were properly rear seated with those in other positions (front seat, on adult's lap) and any restraint use with no restraint use were evaluated using multivariate binomial regression with robust variance estimation. Among 967 children observed, 44.1% of children were in suboptimal seating positions (i.e., 12.2% in the front seat and 31.9% in adult laps) and 93.9% were unrestrained. Children aged ≤ 4 years (RR: 0.35, 95% Confidence Interval: 0.28-0.44), and those who were the only child in a car (RR: 0.84, 95% confidence interval: 0.74-0.96) had a lower likelihood of being properly rear seated. Children traveling with unrestrained drivers (RR: 0.09, 95% confidence interval: 0.01-0.60) were less likely to be restrained. This study demonstrates low restraint use and common suboptimal seating positions for child passengers in China and relates these to driver restraint use. These findings support the need for targeted programs to improve child restraint practices in China.
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