Passenger Profiling, Imperfect Screening, and Airport Security

William Penn University, Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
American Economic Review (Impact Factor: 2.69). 05/2005; 95(2):127-131. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.651881
Source: RePEc


This paper uses a natural experiment approach to identify the effects of an exogenouschange in future pension benefits on workers’ training participation. We use uniquematched survey and administrative data for male employees in the Dutch public sectorwho were born in 1949 or 1950. Only the latter were subject to a major pension reformthat diminished their pension rights. We find that this exogenous shock to pension rightspostpones expected retirement and increases participation in training courses amongolder employees, although exclusively for those employed in large organizations.

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    • "While previous standardized security measures are still routinely administered uniformly across all passengers (e.g., baggage X-rays and metal detector scans); elevated risk screening has become more common-place (which include, but is not limited to, bodily pat-downs, bag searches and explosive trace detection scans) (O'Malley, 2006). Selection for elevated risk screening may be determined based on one's predetermined " risk level " obtained through Computer Assisted Passenger Pre-screening Systems (CAPPS II), or through random selection (Persico and Todd, 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: Airport security measures can be grouped into two types; standardized screening techniques, which all passengers must undergo (e.g., baggage X-rays, metal detecting scans); and elevated-risk screening (including pat-downs and strip searches) for which only a sub-set of passengers are selected. In the current study, an undergraduate sample (n = 636) was surveyed regarding the professionalism of security screening staff, as well as perceived safety, threat to dignity, and enplanement intentions, following standard and elevated-risk screening measures. Consistent with our hypotheses, perceived professionalism and safety were positively correlated with enplanement intentions, and dignity threat was negatively associated with perceived safety. As the perceived safety from the use of a security measure decreased, enplanement intentions also decreased. Notably, when a screening measure is perceived as having negative consequences (e.g., threatening one's sense of dignity) the safety of the measure is personally invalidated.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Journal of Air Transport Management
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    • "Arab Americans, people of Middle Eastern descent, and Muslims have expressed the belief that they are being targeted for additional scrutiny at airports (Elliot, 2006; Halter, 2002) and elsewhere (Kazemi, del Carmen, Dobbs, & Whitehead, 2008). Whether this was true has been subject to debate, but things have changed a bit as the airline security concerns of the 1960s and 1970s subsided (Persico & Todd, 2005). Today, for example, there are 97 United States airline carriers that transport more than 650 million passengers each year, and because of security concerns, there are more than 1,000 screening points that handle in excess of 2.5 billion pieces of luggage (Szyliowicz, 2004). "
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    ABSTRACT: This article explores citizens' views on racial profiling at airports. A recent Gallup poll allowed for analyses of the perception of Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites concerning whether they felt racial profiling at airports was widespread and/or justified. Multivariate analyses revealed that Blacks were more likely than Whites to believe profiling at airports was widespread. There were, however, no differences between the opinions of Whites and Hispanics on the extent of profiling in airports. Racial and ethnic minorities were less likely than Whites to believe that profiling at airports was justified. The implications of the results are discussed.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2009 · Criminal Justice Policy Review
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    • "Onwudiwe (2005) pointed out that these groups were " demonized " following September 11 and became the targets of not only profiling but a rash of violent hate crimes. Even with the persistent allegations and anecdotal incidents of profiling in airports since that date, to our knowledge, there are no empirical studies that have examined whether the screening or other practices implemented after September 11 have been colored by racial, ethnic, or religious discrimination (Persico & Todd, 2005). Thus, even though acquiring the requisite data to study this topic is likely to be challenging, there is a serious need for further research in this area. "
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    ABSTRACT: This article examines the generality of citizens' views concerning racial profiling across several contexts. More specifically, the research investigated whether citizens' perceptions regarding the widespread nature of racial profiling and their belief whether this profiling is justified converged when considering the practice in diverse settings, such as during traffic stops, in retail establishments, and at airports. Using data from a nationally representative poll with an oversample of Blacks and Hispanics, the results of the structural equation model analysis supported the supposition that perceptions regarding racial profiling across contexts form one latent construct. The perceptions of airport, traffic stop, and consumer racial profiling—in the context of widespread nature and justification—form two general latent measures. These perceptions differ based on race, age, sex, and income.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2008 · Criminal Justice and Behavior
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