Radiotherapy for Thymic Neoplasms

Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA.
Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.28). 10/2010; 5(10 Suppl 4):S327-35. DOI: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e3181f20ec4
Source: PubMed


The role of radiotherapy in the treatment of thymoma and thymic carcinoma has been evaluated by many investigators over the past two decades. The low incidence of these neoplasms has limited most published studies to small series spanning long time intervals or population-based studies. The exact indications and protocols for the use of radiotherapy as a part of the multidisciplinary approach to thymoma and thymic carcinoma are still unclear. However, a review of recent literature shows potential benefits for certain patients based on stage and grade of disease as well as the extent of surgical resection.

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    Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Because of the rarity of the disease and long survival of most patients, the role of adjuvant radiation therapy in patients with surgically resected stage III thymoma is unclear, and few prospective studies are available. The objective was to evaluate the impact of postoperative radiation therapy after resection of stage III thymoma. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was queried for all patients with stage III thymoma who underwent surgical therapy and survived more than 30 days after diagnosis. Survival was estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method. The hazard ratio for death was determined using a Cox proportional hazard model. There were 476 patients with stage III thymoma identified who underwent surgical therapy, did not receive preoperative radiotherapy, and had complete SEER records with regard to radiation treatment. Postoperative radiation therapy was given to 322 patients (67.6%). Patients who received postoperative radiation therapy were younger and had a higher rate of debulking surgery than patients who did not. Patients receiving postoperative radiation had a median overall survival of 127 months (95% confidence interval, 100.9 to 153.1) compared with 105 months (95% confidence interval, 76.9 to 133.1) in patients treated with surgery alone (p=0.038). However, in multivariate analysis, postoperative radiation was not a significant factor affecting overall survival. Disease-specific survival was significantly improved in the adjuvant radiation group, and in multivariate analysis, improved outcomes were associated with postoperative radiation (p=0.049). In this large population-based study, most patients with stage III thymoma were treated with adjuvant radiation. Postoperative radiation was associated with improved disease-specific survival, but not improved overall survival.
    No preview · Article · May 2012 · The Annals of thoracic surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background Thymomas and thymic carcinomas are rare malignant tumors. We report the experience with the resection and multimodal treatment at a single department in Central Europe in the years 2001 to 2010. Objective We sought to determine prognostic factors in this patient population. MethodsA 10-year retrospective analysis of 84 resections on 72 patients for thymomas/thymic carcinomas or their recurrences was performed. ResultsPatients admitted to a single thoracic surgery center presented with Masaoka-Koga stage I (29.2%), II (43.1%), III (13.9%), and IV (13.9%). In approximately 88.9% of cases, a complete resection could be reached. Using overall survival as an outcome measure, the 5-year survival rate was 87%. Of all the cases presented, 9.7% cases showed tumor recurrence and 6.9% cases showed tumor progression. There was decreased survival rate with increasing Masaoka-Koga stage (p=0.017) and incomplete resection (p<0.001). Conclusion Completeness of resection and Masaoka-Koga stage were significant prognostic factors. Multidisciplinary treatments of patients with thymoma or thymic carcinoma result in good patient care, and global efforts with larger number of patients are needed to elucidate more about the biology, diagnosis, and treatment of these tumors.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
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