Factors That Influence Outcome of Percutaneous Balloon Compression in the Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia

Department of Neurosurgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Neurosurgery (Impact Factor: 3.62). 10/2010; 67(4):925-34; discussion 934. DOI: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e3181eb5230
Source: PubMed


Percutaneous balloon compression is an effective, low-cost, simple therapeutic modality with the special advantage of being the only percutaneous technique that can be simply performed with the patient under general anesthesia for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia.
To identify surgical and individual parameters that could influence outcome in patients with trigeminal neuralgia treated with percutaneous balloon compression.
Within a 5-year period, 66 consecutive percutaneous balloon compressions were performed in 47 patients. The medical and surgical records of all patients were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed for a possible correlation between the following parameters and outcome: balloon shape, balloon volume, compression time, age, sex, type of pain, duration of disease, previous procedures, and trigeminal division affected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to test for statistical significance.
The initial success rate was 85%, and 36% of the responders are still pain free with a mean follow-up of approximately 20 months, whereas in 33 patients, trigeminal pain recurred after a mean of approximately 17 months. Of the investigated parameters, significant correlations were obtained between balloon shape and all aspects of outcome, previous operations and complication rate, pain type and complication rate, and compression time and postoperative numbness.
The balloon shape is a parameter with a very strong impact on outcome, and balloon volume should be adjusted to this parameter. Persistent elliptical balloon shapes should raise consideration of aborting the procedure. There were no differences in outcomes between 60 seconds and longer compression times. The number of previous operations did not correlate with pain relief, but seemed to increase the risk of complications. Patients with multiple sclerosis seemed to obtain similar benefit from the procedure as do patients with classic trigeminal neuralgia.

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    • "For Lichtor,[26] the volume was usually 0.7 cc but occasionally up to 1 cc and the duration 1 min. As for Kouzounias,[23] the balloon was inflated with about 0.7 ml of CM until it resembled a pear or dumbbell shape, and remained inflated for 60-120 s. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of our study was to describe the retrogasserian balloon compression (RGBC) procedure with some personal tricks and to assess the long-term results. Methods: Between 1985 and 2012, 901 patients, suffering from refractory trigeminal neuralgia (TN), underwent RGBC procedure in our department. Concerning the surgical technique, the introducer was in close contact with the posterior extremity of the horizontal plate of the palatine bone and had the direction of the bisector of the angle clivus-superior edge of the petrous bone on an X-rays sagittal view. No metallic material was inserted intracranially. The balloon was inflated with 0.7 cc of contrast medium for 6 min. Results: At 1 month follow up, appreciable pain relief was obtained in 835 patients (92.7%). At 1 year, results were excellent in 605 patients (67.1%), satisfactory in 109 patients (12.1%), poor in 57 patients (6.3%), fair in 66 patients (7.3%), whereas recurrences were observed in the remaining 64 patients (7.2%). At mean follow up of 16,5 years, 559 (62%) patients remained pain free. Twenty six patients (2,8%) continued to experience severe pain. Recurrences occurred in two hundred and fifty patients (27,8%). Fifty two of them were operated on a third time and 22 underwent four procedures. Conclusion: RGBC is an appropriate and effective procedure for treatment of refractory TN, ensuring a long lasting pain relief predicted on three factors: pear shape of the balloon, its volume, and duration as mentioned earlier.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Surgical Neurology International
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    • "GKS 37 59 56.7 97.3 43.2 37.8 5.4 Kouzunias et al. [31] PBC 17 n.r. 20 88 29.4 70.5 0 Belber and Rak [32] "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Drug-resistant trigeminal neuralgia (TN) can complicate the clinical course of patients affected by multiple sclerosis (MS). Various surgical procedures have been reported for the treatment of this condition, but there is no agreement on the best management of these patients. To our knowledge, there is no critical literature analysis focusing on this particular topic. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of different surgical procedures utilized for drug-resistant TN in MS patients. Methods: We reviewed the literature about the studies reporting on surgical treatment of drug-resistant TN in MS patients. Case reports and case series less than 4 patients were excluded from the analysis. Nineteen studies were selected for the statistical analysis. To reduce the variability of the data, the selected studies were evaluated for the following outcome parameters: acute pain relief rate (APR), rate of recurrence (RR), pain free at follow-up rate (PF at FU) and complication rate (CR). For the statistical analysis, chi-square statistic, using the Fisher's exact test was utilized. Results: There was no procedure statistically superior in terms of APR rate in MS patients following the surgical treatment of TN. The highest RR was observed for percutaneous balloon compression (PBC) (60.2±14.4%). This result was statistically significant when compared to gamma knife surgery (GKS) (p=0.0129) and microvascular decompression (MVD) (p=0.0281). MVD together with percutaneous radiofrequency rhizothomy (PRR) was associated with a statistically better PF at FU rate (56.5±16.8% and 73.5±14.2%, respectively). However PBC and MVD showed statistical significant minor CR compared to other techniques (no complications and 18.7±17.4%, respectively). Conclusion: Our study shows no differences in the short term results among different procedures for TN in MS patients. Each technique demonstrate advantages and limits in terms of long term pain, recurrence rate and complication rate. Each patient should be accurately informed on pros and cons of each procedure in order to be involved in the most appropriate choice.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012 · Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
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    No preview · Conference Paper · Sep 2004
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