International Society for Sexual Medicine Ad Hoc Committee for Definition of Premature Ejaculation. An evidence-based definition of lifelong premature ejaculation: report of the International Society for Sexual Medicine Ad Hoc Committee for the Definition of Premature Ejaculation
(Impact Factor: 3.53).
08/2008; 102(3). DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2008.07755.x
To develop a contemporary, evidence-based definition of premature ejaculation (PE).
There are several definitions of PE; the most commonly quoted, the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - 4th Edition - Text Revision, and other definitions of PE, are all authority-based rather than evidence-based, and have no support from controlled clinical and/or epidemiological studies. Thus in August 2007, the International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) appointed several international experts in PE to an Ad Hoc Committee for the Definition of PE. The committee met in Amsterdam in October 2007 to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of current definitions of PE, to critically assess the evidence in support of the constructs of ejaculatory latency, ejaculatory control, sexual satisfaction and personal/interpersonal distress, and to propose a new evidence-based definition of PE.
The Committee unanimously agreed that the constructs which are necessary to define PE are rapidity of ejaculation, perceived self-efficacy, and control and negative personal consequences from PE. The Committee proposed that lifelong PE be defined as a male sexual dysfunction characterized by ejaculation which always or nearly always occurs before or within about one minute of vaginal penetration, and the inability to delay ejaculation on all or nearly all vaginal penetrations, and negative personal consequences, such as distress, bother, frustration and/or the avoidance of sexual intimacy. This definition is limited to men with lifelong PE who engage in vaginal intercourse. The panel concluded that there are insufficient published objective data to propose an evidence-based definition of acquired PE.
The ISSM definition of lifelong PE represents the first evidence-based definition of PE. This definition will hopefully lead to the development of new tools and patient-reported outcome measures for diagnosing and assessing the efficacy of treatment interventions, and encourage ongoing research into the true prevalence of this disorder, and the efficacy of new pharmacological and psychological treatments.
Available from: Berend Olivier
- "The sexual inhibitory effects of SSRIs are often considered serious side effects (e.g. when treating depression or anxiety disorders), but also may be used for therapeutic properties, e.g. in premature ejaculation (PE). Premature ejaculation is defined as a lifelong intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT) lasting less than one minute (Waldinger et al., 2005; Waldinger, 2014; McMahon et al., 2008). SSRIs are the drugs of choice for treatment of PE; in particular paroxetine exerts efficient elongation of the IELT whereas fluvoxamine was remarkably inactive (Waldinger et al., 1994, 1998b). "
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ABSTRACT: The neurotransmitter serotonin is an evolutionary ancient molecule that has remarkable modulatory effects in almost all central nervous system integrative functions, such as mood, anxiety, stress, aggression, feeding, cognition and sexual behavior. After given a short outline of the serotonergic system (anatomy, receptors, transporter) the author's contributions over the last 40 years in the role of serotonin in depression, aggression, anxiety, stress and sexual behavior is outlined. Each area delineates the work performed on animal model development, drug discovery and development. Most of the research described has started from an industrial perspective, aimed at developing animals models for psychiatric diseases and leading to putative new innovative psychotropic drugs, like in the cases of the SSRI fluvoxamine, the serenic eltoprazine and the anxiolytic flesinoxan. Later research mainly focused on developing translational animal models for psychiatric diseases and implicating them in the search for mechanisms involved in normal and diseased brains and finding new concepts for appropriate drugs.
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Available from: Mustafa Baki Cekmen
- "We used IELT values for PE definition; however, Waldinger et al. (1994) defined IELT as the time between vaginal intromission and intravaginal ejaculation. Although this assessment has contributed to more objective research in men with and without premature ejaculation, it can be confused by several factors, including the sexual position, the duration and content of foreplay, the depth, force and frequency of penile thrusting, the period of time elapsed as the previous ejaculation, partner pelvic floor muscle tone and the extent of vaginal lubrication (McMahon et al., 2008a, b). Despite the deficiencies of IELT, it is the most objective evaluation criterion for assessment PE. "
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to determine the relevance of serum nitric oxide levels and the efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) treatment on premature ejaculation. Sixty married men (aged 20-50) with lifelong premature ejaculation and forty healthy men (aged 24-48) as control group were included in this study. The patients were evaluated by intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT) for premature ejaculation (PE). IELT<1 min is accepted PE. Patients with diabetes mellitus, chronic disorders or erectile dysfunction and heavy smokers were excluded. All patients were evaluated with history, physical examination, International Index of Erectile Dysfunction-5 (IIEF-5) score and IELT by stopwatch method. Nitric oxide levels were measured by Griess reaction, and all samples were frozen at -80 °C. Patients were randomly categorised 4 group to receive fluoxetine 20 mg day(-1) (Group 1), paroxetine 20 mg day(-1) (Group 2), sertraline 50 mg day(-1) (Group 3) and healthy control (Group 4) for 4 weeks. Baseline and post-treatment findings were compared between the four groups. At the end of 4 weeks, in fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline groups mean IELT values showed a statistically significant improvement from the baseline values (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P = 0.03; respectively). Baseline and 1st month follow-up mean IIEF scores were 24.5 and 23.05, 24.70 and 23.60 (P < 0.05) in group 1 and group 3 respectively; also 23.09 and 23.32 (P > 0.05) in group 2. Baseline serum NO levels were 31.8, 30.44, 30.8 and 42.84 in fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline and healthy control groups respectively. NO levels were statistically lower in patients with PE. After treatment of fluoxetine, paroxetine and sertraline, NO levels were increased baseline (35.8, 36.4, 38.08) (P < 0.05). Our findings indicated that PE is associated with decreased serum NO levels. After the SSRI treatment increased, NO may retard ejaculation presumably by central peripheral mechanism. Further studies are needed to confirm this suggestion and the role of NO in pathophysiology and treatment for premature ejaculation.
Available from: Antonio Luigi Pastore
- "The PE definition recommended by the International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) is 'a male sexual dysfunction characterized by ejaculation which always or nearly always occurs before or within about 1 min of vaginal penetration, and the inability to delay ejaculation on all or nearly all vaginal penetrations, and negative personal consequences, such as distress, bother, frustration and ⁄ or the avoidance of sexual intimacy' (McMahon et al., 2008). The intra-vaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) is defined as the time from vaginal intromission to intra-vaginal ejaculation (Waldinger et al., 2005), and this measurement is often used as a parameter to quantify the clinical response to therapy and as a standardized method to compare different treatments in clinical trials. "
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ABSTRACT: Premature ejaculation (PE) is the most common male sexual disorder. We compared pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation to on-demand treatment with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor dapoxetine in 40 men with lifelong PE (baseline intra-vaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) ≤1 min). Subjects were randomized into the following two treatment groups: (1) PFM rehabilitation or (2) 30 or 60 mg of on-demand dapoxetine. Total treatment time for both groups was 12 weeks, at the end of which, IELT mean values were calculated to compare the effectiveness of the two different therapeutic approaches. At the end of treatment, 11 of the 19 patients (57%) treated with rehabilitation were able to control the ejaculation reflex, with a mean IELT of 126.6 sec (range: 123.6-152.4 sec). In the dapoxetine group, after 12 weeks of therapy, 5 of 8 (62.5%) patients in the 30 mg subgroup and five of seven (72%) in the 60 mg subgroup had an IELT >180 sec (mean: 178.2 and 202.8 sec, respectively). The results obtained in the group treated with pelvic floor rehabilitation are promising, and this treatment represents an important cost reduction if compared to dapoxetine on-demand treatment. The present study confirms the data that are previously available in the literature on the efficacy and safety of the new inhibitor of serotonin reuptake, dapoxetine, as well as proposes and evaluates a new type of physical treatment that may be a viable therapeutic option for treatment of PE.
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