Poverty among older people in Latin America and the Caribbean

Journal of International Development (Impact Factor: 0.88). 01/2009; 22(2):176-207. DOI: 10.1002/jid.1539
Source: RePEc


This paper provides evidence on the incidence of poverty among older people in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), based on household survey microdata from 20 countries. The situation of older people is characterised in terms of income, education, health and access to services vis-à-vis the rest of the population. The paper identifies the role played by the current pension systems in LAC, and assesses the efforts needed to achieve substantial improvements towards the reduction of old age poverty. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Available from: Leopoldo Tornarolli, Nov 21, 2014
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    • "To complement the analysis, we compute the fiscal cost of introducing an NCP scheme and estimate the potential effects of the NCP on the elderly retirement decision. Similar to Dethier et al. (2011) and Gasparini et al. (2010), we consider two types of transfers, one being universal and the other means-tested. In the first case, the NCP is received by all individuals upon reaching the legal retirement age and who are not receiving (or have the right to) a contributory pension. "
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    ABSTRACT: This paper studies the ex-ante effects of the implementation of a non-contributory pension (NCP) programme in Colombia and Peru. Relying on household survey data, we simulate the transfer's potential impact on poverty, inequality, fiscal cost and the probability of affiliation to contributory pensions. Our results show that an NCP reduces poverty and inequality among the elderly, particularly in rural areas, at an arguably limited fiscal cost. Regarding behavioural effects, there is not a large impact on the probability of affiliation to contributory pensions when the programme is targeted to the poor, with the exception of Peruvian women. Finally, we also compute some potential effects on the recipient's labour supply. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Journal of International Development
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    ABSTRACT: Worldwide, societies are experiencing unprecedented shifts in their age compositions. For the first time in human history, the number of older people will surpass the number of children that are under the age of fourteen representing one of the ‘biggest social transformations’ societies will experience. The great shift in demographics demand that sustainable development efforts are age-inclusive and support the well-being of people throughout their life course – including the later life years. The purpose of this article is 2-fold. First, we delineate the linkages between the proposed sustainable development goals (SDGs) and development issues related to older persons and an ageing population, arguing that the success of the SDGs also rests on the ability to address such issues. Second, we explore community development's role in the implementation of the SDGs and addressing age-related development issues, proposing that community development's unique perspectives, values and approaches contribute to innovative development pathways conducive to age-inclusive sustainable development.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Community Development Journal