The One Child Policy and Family Formation in Urban China

University of Toronto, Department of Economics, Working Papers 01/2009;
Source: RePEc


This paper estimates mortality and fertility rates prevailing in Ireland during the 25-year period before the Great Irish Famine of 1845-1849. A technique is developed to estimate the age-specific mortality level during the Famine and the number of Famine-related deaths. The paper concludes that fertility rates were declining during the period 1821-1845 and that the effects of the Famine were especially severe on the very young and the very old. Ignoring deaths among emigrants, it is estimated that one million individuals perished as a result of the Famine. The analysis permits year-by-year reconstruction of the Irish population age structure for the period 1821-1851.

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    • "In addition, despite the fact that pre-OCP parents being more advanced in their careers, the average deflated and equivalized 6 incomes of pre-OCP parents are all lower than their post-OCP counterparts, this depart the fact that post-OCP fathers had marginally lower educational attainment, while post-OCP mothers had higher educational attainment compared to the pre-OCP cohort. This is likely due to the increased positive assortative matching and lower marriage rates noted in Anderson and Leo (2007). 6 Deflated as suggested by Brandt and Holz (2006). "
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    ABSTRACT: China's One Child Policy (OCP), introduced in 1979, changed fundamentally the nature of both existing and anticipated marriage arrangements and influenced family formation decisions in many dimensions, especially with respect to the number of and investment in children. The policy coincided with the Economic Reforms of 1979 and the trend toward greater urbanization, all of which may have influenced the wellbeing of children. This paper examines the mobility status consequence of children in urban China since the introduction of the OCP and the economic reforms using data drawn from urban household surveys in China. The analysis first makes the comparison between child poverty in Canada, the United Kingdom and urban India, where it was found that both status and trends of child poverty are very different among the countries, with children not being over-represented in the poverty group in urban China. The extent to which the policies influenced investment in children is next examined by studying the way in which the relationship between the educational attainment of children and family characteristics changed within families formed prior to and after 1979. We found that the impact of household income and parental educational attainment increased significantly over time, with a positive gender effect where girls advanced more than boys. Applying new techniques for measuring mobility, we observe the reduction in intergenerational mobility. This phenomenon is found to be particularly prevalent in the lower income quantiles, reinforcing a dynastic notion of poverty. Copyright 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation International Association for Research in Income and Wealth 2009.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2009 · Review of Income and Wealth