Family Ties and Political Participation

Journal of the European Economic Association (Impact Factor: 1.36). 10/2009; 9(4150). DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.1397173
Source: RePEc


This paper provides a survey on studies that analyze the macroeconomic effects of intellectual property rights (IPR). The first part of this paper introduces different patent policy instruments and reviews their effects on R&D and economic growth. This part also discusses the distortionary effects and distributional consequences of IPR protection as well as empirical evidence on the effects of patent rights. Then, the second part considers the international aspects of IPR protection. In summary, this paper draws the following conclusions from the literature. Firstly, different patent policy instruments have different effects on R&D and growth. Secondly, there is empirical evidence supporting a positive relationship between IPR protection and innovation, but the evidence is stronger for developed countries than for developing countries. Thirdly, the optimal level of IPR protection should tradeoff the social benefits of enhanced innovation against the social costs of multiple distortions and income inequality. Finally, in an open economy, achieving the globally optimal level of protection requires an international coordination (rather than the harmonization) of IPR protection.

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Available from: Paola Giuliano
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    • "Giuliano (2007) finds that living arrangements of young individuals in the US follow the patterns observed in their ancestors' countries. Alesina and Giuliano (2011) show that political participations of immigrants in 32 destination countries depend on the strength of family ties in their origin countries. In a different context, Fisman and Miguel (2007) show that the propensity of UN diplomats to commit parking violations in New York depends positively on the corruption levels of their countries. "
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate the role of culture in explaining economic outcomes at individual level analyzing how cultural values from the home country affect the decision to work of immigrants in Italy, using the National Survey of Households with Immigrants. Following the “epidemiological approach”, we relate the probability of being employed in Italy for immigrant women with the female labor force participation (LFP) in their country of origin, taken as a proxy of cultural heritage and gender role model. Controlling for a number of individual and household characteristics, we show that participation in the labor market is affected both by the culture of females' and by their husband's origin countries. We also show that the relationship between own decisions in the host country and home country LFP cannot be attributed to human capital quality or discrimination and it turns out to be stronger for immigrants that maintained more intense ties with their origin countries. Finally, we investigate to what extent cultural influence is driven by religious beliefs: we find that religion is a key determinant of differences in female labor decisions, but, besides religion, other cultural values exert additional influence.
    Full-text · Conference Paper · Jan 2015
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    • "2 Banfield's (1958) hypothesis of 'amoral familism' has been tested on a worldwide sample of individuals in the weaker form of correlations between family ties and general trust, and between family ties and some relevant economic indicators. For example, Alesina & Giuliano (2011) first construct an index for the strength of family ties on the basis of survey questions on the importance of the family, indisputable respect for parents, and parents' complete dedication to their children. They then find a negative, significant, and sizeable correlation between this index and general trust, having controlled for socioeconomic factors and for country dummies. "
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    ABSTRACT: International Journal of Happiness and Development, 2(3), 216-230. DOI: 10.1504/IJHD.2015.072187 The capacity to enhance people’s general trust, which is proved to be important for economic growth and individual well-being, is usually attributed to the family and education. This paper first draws attention to two awkward facts: that placing a great deal of importance on family ties has detrimental effects on general trust (although it brings well-being); and that education tends to be designed to enhance competition rather than cooperation. The paper then proposes people’s ‘social skill’ as the target variable for research and policy, since it is both proximate to general trust and can be learned as an enjoyable experience, especially, but not only, in the first part of people’s lives. The family and education should be thus orientated according to this new specific perspective.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015
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    • "Others view integration as civic, social, and political engagement (Handy and Greenspan 2009). Several factors have been found to impede or accelerate an immigrant's integration into his/her host county, such as language fluency, family ties (Alesina and Giuliano 2009), voluntary participation in religious congregations (Sinha et al. 2009), and access to information (Caidi and Allard 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: Participation in voluntary associations is an important part of an immigrant’s integration into a host country. This study examines factors that predispose an immigrant’s voluntary involvement in religious and secular organizations compared to non-immigrants (“natives”) in Canada, and how immigrants differ from natives in their voluntary participation. The study results indicate that informal social networks, religious attendance, and level of education positively correlate with the propensity of both immigrants and natives to participate and volunteer in religious and secular organizations. Immigrants who have diverse bridging social networks, speak French and/or English at home, and either attend school or are retired are more likely to participate and volunteer for secular organizations. Further, social trust matters to native Canadians in their decision to engage in religious and secular organizations but not to immigrants. Pride and a sense of belonging, marital status, and the number of children increase the likelihood of secular voluntary participation of natives but not of immigrants. These findings extend the current understanding of immigrant integration and have important implications for volunteer recruitment.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations
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