Factors affecting Child Labour in India

Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department, IIMA Working Papers 01/2008;
Source: RePEc


Child labour in India is a critical socio-economic problem that needs special attention of policy makers. In order to make effective policies to reduce child labour it is important to understand the specific factors that affect it in different situations. The paper empirically examines these factors across 35 Indian states and union territories at three levels of aggregation: total population, rural/urban, and male/female. The results showed that education, fertility, and workforce participation are the major influencing factors in our models. Interestingly, impact of economic indicators of poverty and income differed among total, rural, urban, male, and female population. The explanatory powers of models showed large variations across different levels of aggregation and were stronger for total, rural and female population.

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    • "This factor emphasizes on the workforce participation rate of the people in the age category of 15-60 years. This factor has been examined earlier by Lieten (2002) and has also emerged as a significant factor affecting child labor in a study by Maheshwari and Singh (2008). It is stated that for certain segments of labor markets, particularly lower segments, entire families (including children) are pulled into the workforce when there is high demand for labor (Lieten, 2002). "
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    ABSTRACT: Child labor in India is a critical socioeconomic issue which generates interest among the international and national bodies to initiate appropriate policies to control it. The policy makers have mostly focused on the welfare aspects without looking into the important economic aspects. Both welfare and economic aspects are especially important in the context of a developing nation like India. In order to have effective policies to deal with the problem of child labor, one needs to understand the factors influencing it. This paper studies the macro level indicators of the major factors influencing child labor incidence for the following four categories: male children in rural areas, female children in rural areas, male children in urban areas, and female children in urban areas. The effect of these factors differs across the four categories in this cross-sectional study covering 28 states and 7 union territories of the Indian federation. The results show that besides welfare aspects like educational and developmental factors, economic aspects like work force participation rate, poverty factors, and family factors show significant effect on child labor.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2009