Signet ring carcinoma parotid gland: A case report

ArticleinHead & Neck 33(11):1656-9 · November 2011with15 Reads
DOI: 10.1002/hed.21435 · Source: PubMed
Abstract
Signet ring adenocarcinoma is a recently characterized entity occurring in the minor salivary glands. All reported cases have occurred in minor salivary gland. Pure signet ring adenocarcinoma of a major salivary gland has not been reported in the literature. A 38-year-old woman presented with a mass in the parotid region. Microscopy showed signet ring cells positive for mucicarmine. Immunohistochemistry showed cytokeratin and focal smooth muscle actin (SMA) positivity; an exhaustive search for primary elsewhere did not reveal any suspicious focus. A diagnosis of low-grade signet ring adenocarcinoma of the parotid gland was made. On 6-month follow-up the patient was alive and well. The present case highlights a rare occurrence of this tumor in the parotid gland, which until now was labeled as a tumor exclusive to minor salivary glands. Thus this entity should be kept as a differential while investigating mucinous tumors of parotid.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims: Signet-ring cell (SRC) change has not been reported in adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACC). This study describes the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical findings in four cases of ACC with SRCs (ACC-SRC), in which the relative proportion of the SRC component ranged from 25% to 50%. Methods and results: The median age was 58 years (range: 48 to 81 y) and all patients were women. The involved sites were sinonasal, lip and submandibular. Two patients developed lung metastasis and one died of disease 63 months after tumor resection. Neither mucinous nor lipid substances were detected in the SRCs. These were positive for AE1/AE3, CK14 and EMA; which highlighted the intracytoplasmic vacuole borders. The SRC nests were surrounded by α-SMA and p63 positive myoepithelial cells. When compared to the conventional component, the SRCs exhibited similar p53 positivity but lower Ki-67 and mitotic indices. SRCs were C-Myb negative. Ultrastructural examination revealed that the intracytoplasmic vacuoles were lumens lined by microvilli. Conclusions: ACC-SRC is a nonmucin and nonlipid producing phenomenon, possibly related to disturbed differentiation of ductal/luminal cells. This cellular modification in ACC apparently does not change the biological behavior of the tumor but it may cause significant diagnostic problems, particularly in incisional biopsies. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
    Article · Jun 2012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) is the most frequent malignant neoplasm of the lacrimal glands. Like its salivary gland counterpart, lacrimal AdCC can rarely undergo high-grade transformation ("dedifferentiation"). We herein report the clinical, radiographic and microscopic findings of a lacrimal gland AdCC with high grade transformation, occurring in a 39-year-old female patient. In contrast to salivary gland AdCC with high-grade transformation, which usually shows a high grade component with "ductal" differentiation, in the case presented, the "dedifferentiated" component showed morphologic and immunohistochemical features of myoepithelial differentiation.
    Article · Jul 2012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims: Signet-ring cell (SRC) change has not been reported in adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). The aim of this study was to describe the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical findings in four cases of ACC with SRCs (ACC-SRC), in which the relative proportion of the SRC component ranged from 25% to 50%. Methods and results: The median age was 58 years (range: 48-81 years), and all patients were women. The involved sites were sinonasal, lip, and submandibular. Two patients developed lung metastasis, and one died of disease 63 months after tumour resection. Neither mucinous nor lipid substances were detected in the SRCs. These showed positive staining for AE1/AE3, cytokeratin 14, and epithelial membrane antigen, which highlighted the intracytoplasmic vacuole borders. The SRC nests were surrounded by myoepithelial cells positive for α-smooth muscle actin and p63. The SRCs showed similar p53 positivity but lower Ki67 and mitotic indices than the conventional component. SRCs were c-Myb-negative. Ultrastructural examination revealed that the intracytoplasmic vacuoles were lumina lined by microvilli. Conclusions: ACC-SRC is a non-mucin-producing and non-lipid-producing phenomenon, possibly related to disturbed differentiation of ductal/luminal cells. This cellular modification in ACC apparently does not change the biological behaviour of the tumour, but it may cause significant diagnostic problems, particularly in incisional biopsies.
    Article · Feb 2013
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