The emerging evidence for Narrative Exposure Therapy: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(8), 1030-1039

Traumatic Stress Service, Clinical Treatment Centre, Maudsley Hospital, Denmark Hill, London SE58AZ, United Kingdom.
Clinical psychology review (Impact Factor: 7.18). 12/2010; 30(8):1030-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.cpr.2010.07.004
Source: PubMed


Individuals who have experienced multiple traumatic events over long periods as a result of war, conflict and organised violence, may represent a unique group amongst PTSD patients in terms of psychological and neurobiological sequelae. Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) is a short-term therapy for individuals who have PTSD symptoms as a result of these types of traumatic experiences. Originally developed for use in low-income countries, it has since been used to treat asylum seekers and refugees in high-income settings. The treatment involves emotional exposure to the memories of traumatic events and the reorganisation of these memories into a coherent chronological narrative. This review of all the currently available literature investigates the effectiveness of NET in treatment trials of adults and also of KIDNET, an adapted version for children. Results from treatment trials in adults have demonstrated the superiority of NET in reducing PTSD symptoms compared with other therapeutic approaches. Most trials demonstrated that further improvements had been made at follow-up suggesting sustained change. Treatment trials of KIDNET have shown its effectiveness in reducing PTSD amongst children. Emerging evidence suggests that NET is an effective treatment for PTSD in individuals who have been traumatised by conflict and organised violence, even in settings that remain volatile and insecure.

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Available from: Mina Fazel, May 30, 2014
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    • "Thus, level of therapist involvement is differs substantially from that in the Interapy and written disclosure protocols. NET was originally developed for use in developing countries but it has more commonly been used with asylum seekers and refugees (Robjant and Fazel 2010). A unique feature of NET is that individuals do not write about their traumatic event in isolation. "
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    ABSTRACT: Although a number of effective psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are available, there is a need to develop alternative treatments for those who may not respond optimally to these treatments or who may not have access to clinicians who can competently deliver them. Narrative writing, which involves repeated recounting about a traumatic event in writing, is one treatment that deserves further examination as a potential alternative. In this paper, we describe the most commonly used narrative writing treatment protocols for those with either a diagnosis of PTSD or probable PTSD and discuss the available efficacy data for each of these protocols. We conclude with recommendations for using narrative writing to treat those with PTSD and offer recommendations for future work in this area.
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    • "Narrative exposure therapy (NET) was designed specifically for survivors of multiple traumas and involves techniques similar to CBT such as exposure and cognitive challenge (Schauer et al. 2005; Dossa & Hatem, 2012). Briefly, NET involves the creation of a chronological account of biography with detailed reconstruction of fragmented trauma memories in order to achieve habituation (Robjant & Fazel, 2010; Ertl et al. 2011). NET has been shown to be effective with asylum seekers and refugees (Neuner et al. 2009; Slobodin & de Jong, 2014). "
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    ABSTRACT: Self-reflection can aid therapist development, particularly interpersonal skills. It can be achieved through using cognitive-behavioural therapy techniques, for example, formulations of the therapist's cognitions and behaviours have been used to aid self-reflection. As interpersonal skills may be an area that benefits from self-reflection, an approach to formulating the interaction between client and therapist may be beneficial. This study reports the use of simple ‘antecedent-belief-consequence’ (ABC) formulations for the client and therapist to conceptualize their interaction. This description of a treatment failure focuses on cross-cultural work with a survivor of torture, where self-reflection may be particularly indicated to promote cultural competence and address the impact of the content on the therapist. ABC formulations for the client and therapist were completed and through this structured self-reflection, the therapist was able to identify the impact of her own beliefs on the process of therapy. This method identified areas for further development and generated hypotheses for how to continue therapy with this client. Using ABC formulations then may provide a useful and structured way to conduct self-reflection with explicit focus on the interaction between client and therapist.
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    • "Psychotic symptoms, which are part of this dominant narrative, subside when the conditions for safety are met and new meaning is established. NET has been indicated in several studies to be effective at decreasing PTSD symptoms 6 months following treatment, and eliminating symptoms in some individuals as little a year following treatment (Neuner, Schauer, & Klaschik, 2004) ; Onyut et al., 2005; Robjant & Fazel, 2010; van Minnen, Wessel, Dijkstra, & Roelofs, 2002). Cavera, Jacobs, and Motta (2012) indicated that exposure-based nightmare treatment for PTSD sufferers should be considered in conjunction with standard treatment packages. "
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    ABSTRACT: Post-traumatic stress disorder with secondary psychotic features is a syndrome that comprises of PTSD-symptoms followed in time by the additional appearance of psychotic features. While diagnostic criteria for this condition are not available, the clinical description of this condition has been described especially in individuals who have experienced severe, chronic, multiple traumatic events. This case study presents the treatment of a survivor of torture with severe PTSD and concomitant psychotic features using the psychosocial approach as a theoretical framework of the clinical presentation and Narrative Exposure therapy as a psychotherapeutic intervention. Narrative Exposure therapy could be a useful psychotherapeutic tool in relieving symptoms related to severe PSTD with secondary psychotic features. The overall implications involved in working with survivors of torture are also discussed.
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