The Role of Depression in the Differential Effect of Childhood Parental Divorce on Male and Female Adult Offspring Suicide Attempt Risk

Graduate School of Social Work, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA.
The Journal of nervous and mental disease (Impact Factor: 1.69). 09/2010; 198(9):687-90. DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181ef218c
Source: PubMed


In previous studies by our group, we found that female offspring of parental divorce and parental remarriage are more susceptible to suicide attempt than male offspring. In this study, we examine whether these findings remain even after controlling for offspring depression. The sample consists of respondents from the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Multivariable regressions controlled for offspring depression, parental depression, age, race/ethnicity, income, and marital status. Our previous findings that female offspring of parental divorce and parental remarriage are more likely to report a lifetime suicide attempt than male offspring remained even after controlling for offspring depression. Findings suggest that focusing on engaging female offspring who demonstrate symptoms of depression is not sufficient to reduce suicide attempt risk in this group as many at risk individuals will remain unrecognized.

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    • "Earlier meta-analyses reported that children of divorce had poorer academic achievement, conduct, psychological adjustment, and social development than children from intact families [7]. Recent studies have linked parental divorce with an increased risk of suicide attempts [8,9] and poor mental health [10]. "
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