Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma in children with pleuropulmonary blastoma – A report from the International Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Registry

International Pleuropulmonary Blastoma Registry, Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, 2525 Chicago Ave. S., MS 17-412, Minneapolis, MN 55404, USA.
International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology (Impact Factor: 1.19). 11/2010; 74(11):1240-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2010.07.022
Source: PubMed


Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH) is an uncommon chondro-stromal tumor of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses in infancy and childhood. Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is also a rare malignancy of lung and pleura in childhood and is the sentinel disease of an important familial tumor and dysplasia syndrome. This study identified NCMH in PPB patients.
The International PPB Registry collects cases of PPB using central pathology review and evaluation of clinical records. The Registry also evaluates PPB literature. Examples of NCMH occurring with PPB were identified. Clinical records, digital radiography and pathologic specimens of PPB-associated NCMH cases were analyzed.
Among approximately 625 cases of PPB, four children developed NCMH. These cases are among 28 total reported NCMH cases. NCMH presented with sinonasal congestion and visible polypoid nasal masses and were diagnosed from ages 7 to 15 years, similar to older reported NCMH cases. NCMH involved the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and upper nasopharynx, was bilateral in three children and locally recurrent in one. In two children, NCMH had the characteristic pathologic spectrum of immature nodules of cartilage surrounded by spindle cell stroma, whereas the other two NCMH displayed mature chondroid nodules and a less varied fibrous stroma. NCMH was not identified in family members with PPB.
NCMH developing in four children with PPB indicates that NCMH is part of the heredofamilial disease complex associated with PPB. Otorhinolaryngologists and pediatric oncologists should be aware that these two rare conditions occur together and that affected patients may have a familial predisposition to childhood malignant and dysplastic disease.

18 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prototype of a communicating undercloth for medical remote monitoring was realized. It delivers physiological information on the subject (cardiac frequency, breathing frequency, mid-temperature) as well as the environment and activity parameters (ambient temperature, fall detection). It also enables the automatic data transfer when an event occurs, with the localization of the subject.
    No preview · Conference Paper · Jul 2004
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ciliary body medulloepithelioma (CBME) is a rare embryonal ocular tumour of children under age 10 years. Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare embryonal lung tumour in young children and the sentinel disease of the PPB Family Tumour and Dysplasia Syndrome, a distinctive predisposition leading to unusual dysontogenetic-dysplastic and neoplastic conditions in PPB patients and their relatives. Germline mutations of DICER1 gene, a key regulator of gene silencing, underlie this syndrome. CBME occurs with PPB. The authors' aim was to identify CBME cases associated with PPB. The authors evaluated International PPB Registry and literature PPB cases for CBME, including review of pathologic specimens. Four CBME were observed among 550-600 PPB cases; three in patients and one in a parent. One CBME was clinically diagnosed; three were confirmed pathologically (one benign teratoid CBME; one benign non-teratoid CBME; one case, details not available). These observations suggest that CBME is a manifestation of the tumour predisposition associated with PPB. Paediatric oncologists and ophthalmologists should be aware that CBME can occur in PPB patients or their relatives and that CBME may indicate a hereditable tumour predisposition for a child or family.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · The British journal of ophthalmology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a childhood cancer arising from pleuropulmonary mesenchyme. This neoplasm is a sentinel disease in a familial tumor syndrome recently found to be associated with germline mutations in DICER1. Observations of ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors (OSCST) in PPB kindreds led to further study. We sought to characterize ovarian tumors seen in probands and families with PPB and PPB-related conditions and define germline DICER1 status. Patient and family records of pathology-reviewed PPB cases enrolled in the International PPB Registry (IPPBR) were searched for ovarian tumors. Ovarian tumor pathology specimens were obtained and centrally reviewed. Germline DNA from patients with ovarian tumors was tested for DICER1 mutations. Three additional OSCST patients registered in the IPPBR were also tested for mutations in DICER1. Among 296 kindreds including 325 children with PPB, we observed three children with both PPB and Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors (SLCT)/Sertoli cell tumors. Among family members of PPB patients, we identified six OSCST (three SLCT, one Sertoli cell tumor, one juvenile granulosa cell tumor, one gynandroblastoma). Age at ovarian tumor diagnosis was youngest in PPB probands and younger in family members than in OSCST in general. Germline DICER1 mutations were identified in four of six patients with OSCST from PPB kindreds and in two of three children with OSCST and no personal or family history of PPB. Primary ovarian neoplasms, particularly OSCST, are a manifestation of the familial PPB syndrome and may be the initial clinical presentation of DICER1 mutations within a family.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2011 · Gynecologic Oncology
Show more