Article

How cortical neurons help us see: Visual recognition in the human brain

Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.
The Journal of clinical investigation (Impact Factor: 13.22). 09/2010; 120(9):3054-63. DOI: 10.1172/JCI42161
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Through a series of complex transformations, the pixel-like input to the retina is converted into rich visual perceptions that constitute an integral part of visual recognition. Multiple visual problems arise due to damage or developmental abnormalities in the cortex of the brain. Here, we provide an overview of how visual information is processed along the ventral visual cortex in the human brain. We discuss how neurophysiological recordings in macaque monkeys and in humans can help us understand the computations performed by visual cortex.

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