Influence of Feeding Processed Pigeon Pea ( Cajanus cajan ) Seeds on Broiler Chick Performance

International Journal of Poultry Science 10/2009; 8(10). DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2009.971.975
Source: DOAJ


This experiment was conducted to assess the effect of feeding different processed pigeon pea seeds on broilers performance. Four isocaloric and iso-nitrogenous diets containing (10%) of soaked pigeon pea seeds, decorticated with added enzyme (multi enzymes with high content of pentosanase), decorticated roasted and control diet were formulated. Parameters measured weekly were feed intake, body weight gain and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR). Overall body weight, hot carcass weight and dressing percentage were recorded. Results revealed that inclusion of 10% soaked pigeon pea seed, decorticated with added enzyme (multi enzyme with a high content of pentosanase) and decorticated roasted had no significant (p > 0.05) effects on feed intake, weight gain, feed conversion ratio, final live body weight, hot carcass weight and dressing percentage. Inclusion of 10% processed pigeon pea seeds resulted in a similar performance of broiler chicks when compared with the control group.

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    ABSTRACT: Manny legumes are used extensively as animal feed. This study was conducted to look at the effects of decorticated cow pea seeds based diets supplemented with molasses on broiler performance and carcass traits. A total of 240 unsexed one-day old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were used .The birds were randomly divided into six equal groups (treatments) and each group consisted of 8 (replicates). Six experimental diets (starter and finisher) were formulated to be approximately isocaloric and isonitrogenous. The cow pea was included at three levels (0, 10 and 20%) with two levels of molasses at (0, 3%). Decorticated cowpea and raw cowpea contain 25.86 vs. 24.78% crude protein, 1.41 vs. 0.91% ether extract, 3.36 vs. 3.33% ash and 2.64 vs. 3.46% crude fiber on dry matter basis. Methionine content was high in decorticated cowpea (0.40%) compared with raw cowpea (0.35%), the vice versa hold true for lysine, 1.74 in raw seeds vs. 1.62% in decorticated seeds. Decorticated cowpea seed at 10 or 20% without molasses significantly (p<0.05) improved final body weight (1999.50-2051.32 g vs. 1986.32 in the control group). Whereas, the molasses addition at 3% significantly decreased final body weight (1838.42-1900.79 g vs. 1986.32 in the control group) and total feed intake (3150.75- 3300.75 vs. 3318.00 +/- 26.45 g in the control group). The inclusion of 20% cowpea with 3% molasses significantly improved feed conversion ratio in 20 cow pea with 3% molasses It is concluded that cow pea seeds is a good source of protein that can be used in broiler feeds safely to give satisfactory results.
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    ABSTRACT: - A study was conducted at Alneelain University farm, Jebal Awlia, Khartoum, Sudan, to assess the performance of broiler chicks fed on graded levels (0%,3%,6%,9%and 12% ) of decorticated Pigeon pea (Pp) Cajanus cajan as a replacer to sesame cake. Two hundred unsexed Ross hybrid day old broiler chicks were randomly distributed into 5 groups, 40 chicks each and divided then randomly into 4 replicates of 10 chicks each in 5 feed treatments inside an open sided deep litter poultry house. The study results showed significant (P ≤ 0.05) improvement by decortications and increasing rate of inclusion of (Pp) progressively improved feed intake, Feed conversion ratio (FCR) weight gain and final body weight. Incorporation at 12 % level followed by 9% gave best results for all parameters studied but 6% incorporation did not show any significant (P ≤ 0.05) difference from 9 and 12% inclusion rates indicating best option for incorporation. Serum proteins and uric acid were within normal levels for all incorporation rates. Mortality ranged from 2.5-10% being highest at 12% incorporation level. The study concluded that broilers can perform well up to 12% incorporation rate of (Pp) as a replacer to sesame cake. The study results also, support the assumption that mixed protein sources incorporation in poultry rations excels that of single protein incorporation. Index terms- Pigeon pea, Sesame cake, Performance, Blood parameters, Uric acid, Mortality.
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