Induced chiral Dirac fermions in graphene by a periodically modulated magnetic field

Physical review. B, Condensed matter (Impact Factor: 3.66). 12/2009; 81(12). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.125424
Source: arXiv


The effect of a modulated magnetic field on the electronic structure of neutral graphene is examined in this paper. It is found that application of a small staggered modulated magnetic field does not destroy the Dirac-cone structure of graphene and so preserves its 4-fold zero-energy degeneracy. The original Dirac points (DPs) are just shifted to other positions in k space. By varying the staggered field gradually, new DPs with exactly the same electron-hole crossing energy as that of the original DPs, are generated, and both the new and original DPs are moving continuously. Once two DPs are shifted to the same position, they annihilate each other and vanish. The process of generation and evolution of these DPs with the staggered field is found to have a very interesting patten, which is examined carefully. Generally, there exists a corresponding branch of anisotropic massless fermions for each pair of DPs, resulting in that each Landau level (LL) is still 4-fold degenerate except the zeroth LL which has a robust $4n_t$-fold degeneracy with nt the number of pairs of DPs. As a result, the Hall conductivity $\sigma_{xy}$ shows a step of size $4n_te^2/h$ across zero energy. Comment: 6 pages, 6 figures

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