Bidirectional Single-Electron Counting and the Fluctuation Theorem

Physical review. B, Condensed matter (Impact Factor: 3.66). 08/2009; 81(12). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.125331
Source: arXiv


We investigate theoretically and experimentally the full counting statistics of bidirectional single-electron tunneling through a double quantum dot in a GaAs/GaAlAs heterostructure and compare with predictions of the fluctuation theorem (FT) for Markovian stochastic processes. We observe that the quantum point contact electrometer used to study the transport induces nonequilibrium shot noise and dot-level fluctuations and strongly modifies the tunneling statistics. As a result, the FT appears to be violated. We show that it is satisfied if the back-action of the electrometer is taken into account, and we provide a quantitative estimate of this effect. Comment: 4pages, 2figures

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    • "The precise meaning of these expressions will be amply clarified below. The real-valued constants a, b, contain information about the equilibrium starting points of the B and F transformations. Figure 1 depicts a probability distribution satisfying the fluctuation relation, as measured in a recent experiment of electron transport through a nano-junction (Utsumi et al., 2010). We shall analyze this experiment in detail in Sec. "
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