Clinicopathological Strategies to Identify Contralateral Prostate Cancer Involvement in Potential Candidates for Focal Therapy

Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.
International Journal of Surgical Pathology (Impact Factor: 0.95). 12/2010; 18(6):499-507. DOI: 10.1177/1066896910379479
Source: PubMed


To identify the magnitude and possible predictors of contralateral lobe involvement and contralateral extraprostatic extension (EPE) in prostatic biopsy-defined localized unilateral cancers.
Between January 2005 and August 2009, 1861 patients underwent robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy at the authors' institution. A total of 1114 had unilateral disease on preoperative biopsy. Final histopathology reports of these patients were reviewed.
Of the 1114 patients with unilateral disease on biopsy, 867 (77.9%) had contralateral or bilateral disease on final histopathology. EPE was found in 132 patients (11.9%). Twenty patients (1.8%) had contralateral EPE involvement. High-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasm (HGPIN) on biopsy was the significant predictor of contralateral lobe involvement on both univariate (P = .02; odds ratio [OR] = 1.791) and multivariate analysis (P = .004; OR = 2.677). Clinical stage T2 was the significant predictor of contralateral EPE on both univariate (P = .012; OR = 5.250) and multivariate analysis (P = .007; OR = 8.656).
HGPIN on biopsy significantly predicts for contralateral lobe involvement and should be considered an exclusion criterion for focal therapy in prostate cancer patients. Patients with palpable tumor on digital rectal examination should be advised in favor of radical treatment as these patients may harbor more aggressive tumors involving the contralateral side despite the biopsy findings.

Download full-text


Available from: Maria Shevchuk
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Over 90% of all prostate cancer patients are diagnosed at a stage when the disease is organ-confined and potentially curable. Currently, more than 60% of all prostate cancer surgeries in the USA are performed using the robotic approach. We review the current literature evaluating the technical advances to optimize continence recovery following robotic prostatectomy. Recent studies suggest that the several technical nuances during robotic prostatectomy can result in earlier continence recovery in patients without compromising the oncologic outcome. The key is in delicate handling of tissues, reducing trauma, preserving support structures, and restoring postoperative anatomy as close as possible to preoperative anatomy. There should also be standardization in assessment of continence recovery. Much progress has been achieved in elucidating the anatomic, physiologic, and neural basis of the male continence mechanism, resulting in novel adaptations of the conventional approach to radical prostatectomy with the aim of preserving continence and accelerating its return. Various principles for augmenting continence return have been proposed which have been evaluated in series of open, laparoscopic, and robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy. Going forward, we foresee a paradigm shift from individual techniques toward a unified approach of interwoven principles aimed at preserving and augmenting the functional and innervative anatomy of the continence mechanism.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Current opinion in urology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Organ-preserving therapies are widely accepted in many facets of medicine and, more recently, in oncology. For example, partial nephrectomy is now accepted as a preferred alternative over radical nephrectomy for small (up to 4 cm or T1) tumors. Focal therapy (FT) is another organ-preserving strategy applying energy (cryotherapy, laser ablation and/or high-intensity focused ultrasound) to destroy tumors while leaving the majority of the organ, surrounding tissue and structures unscathed and functional. Owing to the perceived multifocality of prostate cancer (PCa) technology limitations, in the past PCa was not considered suitable for FT. However, with the rise of active surveillance for the management of low-risk PCa in carefully selected patients, FT is emerging as an alternative. This is owing to technology improvements in imaging and energy-delivery systems to ablate tissue, as well as the realization that many men and clinicians still desire tumor control. With the postulated ability to ablate tumors with minimal morbidity, FT may have found a role in the management of PCa; the aim of FT a being long-term cancer control without the morbidity associated with radical therapies. Data for FT in PCa have been derived from case series and small Phase I trials, with larger cohort studies with longer follow-up having only just commenced. More data from large trials on the safety and efficacy of FT are required before this approach can be recommended in men with PCa. Importantly, studies must confirm that no viable cancer cells remain in the region of ablation. FT might eventually prove to be a 'middle ground' between active surveillance and radical treatment, combining minimal morbidity with cancer control and the potential for retreatment.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Future Oncology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Focal hemiablative therapy for prostate cancer is a new treatment alternative. Unilateral and unifocal disease are its main limitations. The aim of this study was to identify the epidemiological, clinical and pathological parameters that may predict unilateral disease in patients diagnosed with prostate cancer. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients at our institution between January 2005 and January 2011. Only patients with unilateral disease in prostate biopsy were part of the study. The analysis included age, preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and its density, prostate volume, biopsy first and second Gleason pattern and Gleason summary, number of biopsy cores, percentage of cancer in biopsy material and the presence of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. Their role as potential predictors was evaluated by univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: A total of 161 patients had unilateral disease after prostate biopsy. A significant correlation was found between prostate volume, PSA density and percentage of cancer in biopsy material and the presence of unilateral disease in the surgical specimen. These are the same factors significant in the univariate analysis. The results of the multivariate analysis demonstrated that PSA density (p = 0.015) and percentage of cancer in biopsy material (p = 0.028) are the most significant predictors. INTERPRETATION: Our results demonstrate that PSA density and the percentage of cancer in biopsy cores are significant predictors for prostate cancer unilaterality and should be considered for the selection of hemiablative focal therapy candidates.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada
Show more

Similar Publications