Reintervention for arch obstruction after stage 1 reconstruction does not adversely affect survival or outcome at Fontan completion
To determine the effect of reintervention for coarctation after stage 1 reconstruction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants on survival, suitability for Fontan, and morbidity at Fontan.
A retrospective review of echocardiograms, catheterizations, hospital records of patients who underwent stage 1 reconstruction from January 2002 to May 2005, with a cross-sectional analysis of hospital survivors, was performed. Kaplan-Meier curves were derived for patients alive more than 30 days after stage 1 reconstruction.
A total of 176 patients underwent stage 1 reconstruction. Forty-three patients (23%) underwent balloon angioplasty (n = 43) or surgical intervention (n = 4) for re-coarctation. Median time to intervention was 123 (1-316) days. Seven of 43 patients (16%) underwent more than 1 balloon angioplasty. Thirty-nine patients underwent intervention before stage 2 reconstruction, and 4 patients had intervention between stage 2 reconstruction and Fontan. Kaplan-Meier curves showed no difference in freedom from death or transplant between patients who did and did not undergo intervention for re-coarctation. Fontan completion was performed in 107 patients. By echocardiogram, the prevalence of moderate to severe ventricular dysfunction between groups was similar at Fontan; however, significant atrioventricular valve regurgitation was more common in patients who required intervention (28/33 vs 40/65, P = .02). Overall Fontan mortality was 2% and not different between groups. Length of stay was not different between patients with and without re-coarctation.
Reintervention for coarctation after stage 1 reconstruction is common. Hemodynamic differences between groups did not affect Fontan completion, mortality, or hospital length of stay. Follow-up is necessary to determine the impact of re-coarctation on longer-term mortality and morbidity.
Available from: Alessandro Giardini
Available from: John J Lamberti
Available from: Meryl S Cohen
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ABSTRACT: Outcomes in patients with ventricular dysfunction undergoing superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC) are not well known. We reviewed records of patients undergoing SCPC at our center from December 2005 to October 2009 and studied those whose pre-SCPC echocardiograms demonstrated at least moderate systemic ventricular dysfunction. Of the 213 patients undergoing SCPC, 19 (9%) met inclusion criteria. Diagnoses were hypoplastic left heart syndrome (n = 18) and rightward unbalanced atrioventricular canal with pulmonary stenosis (n = 1). In those surviving >2 months after SCPC, ventricular function was assessed by echocardiography 4.9 (range 3.5 to 9.7) months after SCPC and was improved in ten of 17 (59%), unchanged in six of 17 (35%), and worsened in one of 17 (16%) patients. After SCPC, three patients died, and one underwent heart transplant 21.9 months after SCPC. Transplant-free survival was attained by 15 of 19 (79%) patients during follow-up of 33.0 months (range 10.8 to 51.4). Fontan completion was performed on six survivors on reaching an appropriate age. Ventricular dysfunction before SCPC is not uncommon and occurs primarily in patients with a morphologic right ventricle. Ventricular performance improves in the majority of patients after SCPC, and midterm outcomes are comparable with previous reports, suggesting that these patients remain candidates for staged palliation.
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