North American Fetal Therapy Network (NAFTNet). Preoperative predictors of death in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome treated with laser ablation of placental anastomoses
Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Cornell College of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
(Impact Factor: 4.7).
10/2010; 203(4):388.e1-388.e11. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2010.06.018
To determine preoperative predictive factors for donor and recipient death after laser ablation of placental vessels in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome.
Retrospective analysis of North American Fetal Therapy Network center laser procedures, 2002-2009. Factors associated with donor and recipient death were identified by regression analysis.
There were 466 patients from 8 centers. Factors significantly associated with donor fetal death were low donor estimated fetal weight (odds ratio [OR], 0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.55-0.87) and reversed end diastolic velocity in the umbilical artery (OR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.54-10.2); for recipient fetal death-low recipient estimated fetal weight (OR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.44-0.95), recipient reversed "a" wave in the ductus venosus (OR, 2.39; 95% CI, 1.27-4.51) and hydrops (OR, 3.7; 95% CI, 1.1-12.7); for recipient neonatal death-low donor estimated fetal weight (OR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.30-0.95), high recipient estimated fetal weight (OR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.06-2.26) and recipient reversed end diastolic velocity in the umbilical artery (OR, 7.8; 95% CI, 1.03-59.3).
Preoperative findings predict fetal and neonatal demise in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome treated with laser therapy.
Available from: Aldons J Lusis
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ABSTRACT: We sought to describe stage-specific perinatal outcomes after selective laser photocoagulation of communicating vessels (SLPCV) for twin-twin transfusion syndrome.
Patients with twin-twin transfusion syndrome underwent SLPCV preferentially using sequential vs standard laser technique. Patient characteristics and outcome data were examined by Quintero stage.
Of 682 consecutive women studied, the Quintero stage distribution was: 114 stage I (17%), 177 stage II (26%), 328 stage III (48%), and 63 stage IV (9%). Perinatal survival of at least 1 twin did not differ according to stage (I-92%, II-93%, III-88%, IV-92%; P = .30). However, dual twin survival differed by stage (I-79%, II-76%, III-59%, IV-68%; P < .01), primarily because stage III pregnancies were associated with decreased donor twin survival (P < .01). Sequential SLPCV was associated with improved donor survival, independent of stage (odds ratio, 1.67; 95% confidence interval, 1.16-2.40; P < .01).
Stage-specific perinatal outcomes after laser therapy may assist physicians in patient counseling and in planning future studies.
Available from: Colin A Walsh
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ABSTRACT: Selective fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (SFLP) is now the treatment of choice for twin–twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). The incidence of recurrent TTTS following SFLP has been inconsistently reported across different studies. We performed a systematic review of TTTS recurrence following SFLP.
PubMed and MEDLINE online databases were searched for articles published between 2000 and August 2011, using combinations of the terms ‘twin–twin transfusion’, ‘TTTS’, ‘laser’, ‘recur’ and ‘outcome’. Citations identified in the primary search were screened for eligibility. Studies reporting outcomes from selective SFLP for TTTS in twin pregnancies, which addressed specifically the issue of TTTS recurrence, were included. The primary outcome was rate of TTTS recurrence. Secondary outcomes were therapeutic preference and fetal outcomes in cases of recurrent TTTS.
The primary search identified 22 eligible studies that are included in this review (n = 2447 twin pregnancies). Two studies included a minority of non-selective procedures. The published incidence of recurrent TTTS ranged from 0 to 16%. Clinical management was reported in 65.7% (71/108) cases, with repeat SFLP the most commonly performed secondary intervention. Only three studies provided comprehensive outcome data for cases of recurrent TTTS. The overall rate of neurologically-intact survival was 44% (23/52). The data were inadequate to determine the effects of secondary therapeutic approach, placental location or gestational age on perinatal outcome in cases of recurrent TTTS.
The published rate of TTTS recurrence following SFLP in monochorionic twin pregnancies ranges from 0 to 16%. Although limited follow-up data suggest that recurrence is associated with significant perinatal mortality and morbidity, further study is needed. Currently, there are insufficient data available to guide recommendations for clinical management of TTTS recurrence. Future studies on SFLP for TTTS must include details on recurrence rates and provide outcome data specific to the recurrent subset.
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