Effects of time of day and acute resistance exercise on platelet activation and function

Department of Sport and Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University G.C., Tehran, Iran.
Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation (Impact Factor: 2.24). 01/2010; 45(2-4):391-9. DOI: 10.3233/CH-2010-1321
Source: PubMed


The present study was designed to ascertain the interaction between time of day and resistance exercise on platelet activation and function. Ten healthy male subjects (age, 29.3 +/- 4.5 yr) undertook identical bouts of resistance exercise on two separate occasions. Tests were randomised and performed at two different time of day (08:00 and 20:00 h). Subjects performed 3 sets of 7 repetitions of six exercises at 80% of 1RM, which was followed by 30 min recovery. Beta-thromboglobulin (B-TG) and platelet indices were measured at rest, post-exercise and at the completion of recovery. Platelet aggregation was determined in platelet rich plasma using collagen and three different concentrations of adenosine-5'-diphosphate. Platelet aggregations induced by different aggregating agents at rest were significantly higher in the morning (p < 0.05). Although platelet aggregations induced by collagen and ADP did not change in response to resistance exercise, significant differences between the results in the morning and evening trials were observed (p < 0.01). These differences emulated the differences observed at rest. A significant (P < 0.05) increase in B-TG was found following exercise with no difference between morning and evening trials. It was concluded that resistance exercise induces significant changes in platelet activation, irrespective of time of day, as assessed by beta-thromboglobulin.

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