Effect of organic carbon and mineral surface on the pyrene sorption and distribution in Yangtze River sediments
Agrosphere, ICG 4, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany. Chemosphere
(Impact Factor: 3.34).
09/2010; 80(11):1321-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.06.046
The effect of organic carbon (OC) and mineral surface on the sorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) pyrene molecule to four Yangtze River sediments was investigated by sorption batch techniques using fluorescence spectroscopy. Pyrene sorption to the mineral fraction was estimated with model sorbent illite, the main clay mineral in Yangtze sediment. The Freundlich model fitted sorption to illite and to sediments was normalized to the specific surface area (SSA). Comparison of the SSA-normalized sorption capacities of illite and sediments suggests a negligible contribution of the pyrene sorption to the mineral fraction. In addition, composite models, such as the linear Langmuir model (LLM) and the linear Polanyi-Dubinin-Manes model (LPDMM) were applied for fitting the sorption of pyrene to the pristine sediments. The application of composite models allows assessing the partition of pyrene into amorphous organic carbon (AOC) and the adsorption in the porous structure of black carbon (BC). The modelling results indicate that the pyrene adsorption to the minor BC components (<0.2%) is more effective than the partition to AOC (0.5-1.3%). Besides the pristine sediments, sediments preheated at 375 degrees C were also studied, in which the AOC fraction was removed during the preheating treatment. The modelling results with LPDMM and Polanyi-Dubinin-Manes model (PDMM) indicate a similar adsorption capacity of BC in pristine and preheated sediments, respectively. The low AOC concentrations in sediments do not diminish the BC micropore filling with pyrene. Simulation of pyrene distribution in the investigated Yangtze River sediments support the importance of the BC fraction in the PAH immobilization under environmental conditions.
Available from: Marc Crampon
- "Therefore we can predict that PAHs were more strongly sorbed onto TB and SER soils. Concerning the role of minerals on PAH sorption, Zhang et al. (2010) demonstrated that their contribution to the overall sorption of PYR was negligible compared to organic compound contents and forms in the soil. But their soils were composed of clays that mostly contained illites, which are probably not the most retentive clays for PAHs. "
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ABSTRACT: The natural biodegradation of 7 PAHs by native microorganisms was studied in five soils from Normandy (France) from diffusely polluted areas, which can also pose a problem in terms of surfaces and amounts of contaminated soils. Bioavailability tests using cyclodextrin-based extractions were performed. The natural degradation of low molecular weight (LMW) PAHs was not strongly correlated to their bioavailability due to their sorption to geosorbents. Conversely, the very low degradation of high molecular weight (HMW) PAHs was partly correlated to their poor availability, due to their sorption on complexes of organic matter and kaolinites or smectites. A principal component analysis allowed us to distinguish between the respective degradation behaviors of LMW and HMW PAHs. LMW PAHs were degraded in less than 2-3 months and were strongly influenced by the relative percentage of phenanthrene-degrading bacteria over total bacteria in soils. HMW PAHs were not significantly degraded because they were less bioavailable but also because of a lack of degrading microorganisms. Benzo[a]pyrene stood apart since it was partly degraded in acidic soils, probably because of a catabolic cooperation between bacteria and fungi.
Available from: Jean-Marie Séquaris
- "This value is in good agreement with the previously estimated log K AOC value of 4.59±0.07 with four other Yangtze sediments (Zhang et al. 2010a). "
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ABSTRACT: Black carbon (BC), characterized by high microporosity and high specific surface area (SSA), has been demonstrated to have substantial contributions to the sorption of hydrophobic organic chemicals in soils and sediments. Other naturally occurring organic matters provide soft and penetrable sorption domains while may cling to BC and affect its original surface properties. In this work, we studied the sorption sites of a Yangtze River sediment sample with organic carbon (OC) content of 3.3 % and the preheated sediment (combusted at 375 °C) with reduced OC content (defined as BC) of 0.4 % by gas and pyrene sorption. The SSA and microporosity of the pristine and preheated sediments were characterized by N2 and CO2 adsorption. The results suggest that the adsorption of N2 was hindered by amorphous organic carbon (AOC) in the pristine sediment but CO2 was not. Instead, the uptake of CO2 was higher in the presence of AOC, likely due to the partition of CO2 molecules into the organic matter. The pyrene adsorptions to BC in pristine and preheated sediments show a similar adsorption capacity at high concentration, suggesting that AOC of ca. 2.9 % in the pristine sediment does not reduce the accessibility to the sorption sites on BC for pyrene.
Available from: Richard Ottermanns
- "The socalled " Biovirtous " , a virtual passive sampling fish, will be installed at different places in the reservoir, thus obtaining information on the contamination of the reservoir with non-polar persistent pollutants such as pesticides in fish, other lipophilic biota and sediments (Wang et al. 2009). & Research Center Jülich with IBG-3 Agrosphere and the Central Division of Analytical Chemistry (ZCH) addresses the physico-chemical processes of pollutant evaluation at the sediment/water interface (Zhang et al. 2010) and the modelling of their chemical degradation (Hoffmann et al. 2011). "
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ABSTRACT: Water of good quality is one of the basic needs of human life. Worldwide, great efforts are being undertaken for an assured water supply. In this respect, one of the largest water technology projects worldwide is the Yangtze Three Gorges Dam in China. There is a need for extensive scientific and technical understanding of the challenges arising from this large hydrological engineering project. German and Chinese groups from various scientific fields are collaborating to provide knowledge for the sustainable management of the reservoir. In this project description, the Yangtze Three Gorges Dam Project, its goals and challenges, are described in brief, and the contributions of the German research projects are presented.
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