Psychosocial correlates of intention to receive an influenza vaccination among rural adolescents

ArticleinHealth Education Research 25(5):853-64 · October 2010with5 Reads
DOI: 10.1093/her/cyq037 · Source: PubMed
Abstract
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recently expanded annual influenza vaccination recommendations to include all children 6 months through 18 years of age. Adolescent attitudes toward influenza vaccination may play a key role in reaching this newly added age group. This study examined the association between attitudes toward influenza vaccination and intention to be vaccinated among rural adolescents. Data were collected from baseline surveys distributed to adolescents in September/October 2008, prior to the H1N1 influenza pandemic, in two counties participating in a school-based influenza vaccination intervention trial in rural Georgia (N = 337). Survey items were based on constructs from the Health Belief Model and the Integrated Behavioral Model. Approximately one-third of participants (33.8%) intended to receive an influenza vaccination, 33.5% did not intend to be vaccinated and 28.8% were unsure. Controlling for background factors, intention to receive an influenza vaccination was associated with low perceived barriers [odds ratio (OR) = 0.77, P < 0.001], injunctive norms (OR = 1.23, P = 0.002) and receipt of influenza vaccination in the past year (OR =6.21, P < 0.001). Findings suggest that perceived barriers and injunctive social norms may influence vaccination acceptance among rural adolescents. Future influenza vaccination efforts geared toward rural middle and high school students may benefit from addressing adolescent attitudes toward influenza vaccination.
    • "Perceived susceptibility of influenza Parental decisions on children's influenza vaccination were primarily determined by their beliefs and perceptions regarding influenza and influenza vaccination. [17] It was found that perceived susceptibility of influenza infection was positively associated with vaccination intention but perceived severity of influenza was not. [25] In my study, perceived susceptibility of influenza was not significantly associated with children's influenza uptake (χ 2 = 1.44, P = 0.230), but it was significantly associated with parental intention to vaccination (χ 2 = 8.82, P = 0.003) in univariate analysis. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Seasonal influenza epidemic occurs every year in Guangzhou, which can affect all age groups. Young children are the most susceptible targets. Parents can decide whether to vaccinate their children or not based on their own consideration in China. The aim of this study was to identify factors that are important for parental decisions on vaccinating their children against seasonal influenza based on a modified health belief model (HBM). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Guangzhou, China. A total of 335 parents who had at least on child aged between 6 months and 3 years were recruited from women and children's hospital in Guangzhou, China. Each eligible subject was invited for a face-to-face interview based on a standardized questionnaire. Results: Uptake of seasonal influenza within the preceding 12 months among the target children who aged between 6 months and 36 months was 47.7%. Around 62.4% parents indicated as being "likely/very likely" to take their children for seasonal influenza vaccination in the next 12 months. The hierarchical logistic regression model showed that children's age (odds ratio [OR] =2.59, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.44-4.68), social norm (OR = 2.08, 95% CI: 1.06-4.06) and perceived control (OR = 2.96, 95% CI: 1.60-5.50) were significantly and positively associated with children's vaccination uptake within the preceding 12 months; children with a history of taking seasonal influenza vaccine (OR = 2.50, 95% CI: 1.31-4.76), perceived children's health status (OR = 3.36, 95% CI: 1.68-6.74), worry/anxious about their children influenza infection (OR = 2.31, 95% CI: 1.19-4.48) and perceived control (OR = 3.21, 95% CI: 1.65-6.22) were positively association with parental intention to vaccinate their children in the future 12 months. However, anticipated more regret about taking children for the vaccination was associated with less likely to vaccinate children within the preceding 12 months (OR = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.08-0.52). Conclusions: The modified HBM provided a good theoretical basic for understanding factors associated with parents' decisions on their children's vaccination against seasonal influenza.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015
    • "Furthermore, the percentage of those getting pandemic (H1N1) 2009 vaccines (28.0%) in this study was very close to the coverage rate (24.6%) reported by the IVIS. Although pandemic (H1N1) 2009 vaccinations covered a greater portion of the population than seasonal influenza vaccinations in Taiwan, our study showed that previous influenza vaccination experience [13,15,28], priority groups with government-funded vaccines (such as children and the elderly), and school-based vaccination programs played crucial roles in both receiving pandemic vaccinations and intention to receive vaccines. One study on pandemic (H1N1) 2009 vaccination intention in Taiwan [16] showed that those who intended to get pandemic (H1N1) 2009 vaccines tended to be males, young adults (ages 18– 24 years), the elderly, and those living in households with a midrange monthly income (USD$ 1,667–3,333). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives The paper examines the factors associated with both receiving pandemic (H1N1) 2009 vaccines and individuals’ intentions to get the next seasonal influenza vaccine in Taiwan. Methods We conducted a representative nationwide survey with in-person household interviews during April–July 2010. Multivariate logistic regression incorporated socio-demographic background, household characteristics, health status, behaviors, and perceptions of influenza and vaccination. Results We completed interviews with 1,954 respondents. Among those, 548 (28.0%) received the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 vaccination, and 469 (24.0%) intended to get the next seasonal influenza vaccine. Receipt of the H1N1 vaccine was more prevalent among schoolchildren, the elderly, those who had contact with more people in their daily lives, and those who had received influenza vaccinations in previous years. In comparison, the intention to receive the next seasonal influenza vaccine tended to be stronger among children, the elderly, and those who reported less healthy status or lived with children, who received a seasonal influenza vaccination before, and who worried more about a possible new pandemic. Conclusions Children, the elderly, and those who had gotten seasonal flu shots before in Taiwan were more likely to both receive a pandemic H1N1 vaccination and intend to receive a seasonal influenza vaccine.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: School-aged children were a priority group for receipt of the pandemic (2009) H1N1 influenza vaccine. Both parental and adolescent attitudes likely influence vaccination behaviors. Data were collected from surveys distributed to middle- and high-school students and their parents in two counties in rural Georgia. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess correlates of parental acceptance of H1N1 influenza vaccination for their children and adolescents' acceptance of vaccination for themselves. Concordance analyses were conducted to assess agreement between parent-adolescent dyads regarding H1N1 influenza vaccine acceptance. Parental acceptance of H1N1 influenza vaccination for their children was associated with acceptance of the vaccine for themselves and feeling motivated by the H1N1 influenza pandemic to get a seasonal influenza vaccine for their child. Adolescents' acceptance was associated with receipt of a seasonal influenza vaccine in the past year, fear of getting H1N1 influenza, feeling comfortable getting the vaccine and parental acceptance of H1N1 influenza vaccine. Half (50%) of parent-adolescent pairs included both a parent and child who expressed H1N1 influenza vaccine acceptance, and 19% of pairs would not accept the vaccine. This research highlights the need for interventions that target factors associated with H1N1 influenza vaccine acceptance among both parents and adolescents.
    Full-text · Article · May 2011
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