Hydrogel containing dexamethasone-loaded nanocapsules for cutaneous administration: Preparation, characterization, and in vitro drug release study

ArticleinDrug Development and Industrial Pharmacy 36(8):962-71 · August 2010with29 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.10 · DOI: 10.3109/03639041003598960 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    Our group previously reported the development of dexamethasone-loaded polymeric nanocapsules as an alternative for topical dermatological treatments.
    Our study aimed to prepare and characterize a hydrogel containing this system to improve the effectiveness of the glucocorticoid for cutaneous disorders.
    For the antiproliferative activity assay, a dexamethasone solution and D-NC were tested on Allium cepa root meristem model. D-NC were prepared by the interfacial deposition of preformed polymer. Hydrogels were prepared using Carbopol Ultrez 10 NF, as polymer, and characterized according to the following characteristics: pH, drug content, spreadability, viscosity, and in vitro drug release. Results and
    Nanocapsules showed mean particle size and zeta potential of 201 +/- 6 and -5.73 +/- 0.42 nm, respectively. They demonstrated a lower mitotic index (4.62%) compared to free dexamethasone (8.60%). Semisolid formulations presented acidic pH values and adequate drug content (between 5.4% and 6.1% and 100% and 105%, respectively). The presence of nanocapsules in hydrogels led to a decrease in their spreadability factor. Intact nanoparticles were demonstrated by TEM as well as by dynamic light scattering (mean particle size < 300 nm). In vitro studies showed a controlled dexamethasone release from hydrogels containing the drug associated to the nanocapsules following the Higuchi's squared root model (k = 20.21 +/- 2.96 mg/cm(2)/h(1/2)) compared to the hydrogels containing the free drug (k = 26.65 +/- 2.09 mg/cm(2)/h(1/2)).
    Taking all these results together, the hydrogel containing D-NC represent a promising approach to treat antiproliferative-related dermatological disorders.