Pediatrics: Acute kidney injury leads to pediatric patient mortality

Nature Reviews Nephrology (Impact Factor: 8.54). 07/2010; 6(7):393-4. DOI: 10.1038/nrneph.2010.67
Source: PubMed


Data are lacking on the impact of acute kidney injury (AKI) in children admitted to an intensive care unit. Schneider and colleagues have now performed a large-scale assessment of the use of the rIFle criteria for characterizing AKI in children and have determined the mortality and morbidity associated with AKI in this patient group.

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    • "AKI occurs in approximately 80% of severely ill children in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) which results in long hospital stay and increased patients’ mortality rate.[171819] Due to these rationales, AKI among these patients became one of the major concerns for physicians. "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to determine the optimum cut-off point of urine and serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) for the predictive diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI). This study was a prospective observational study which was performed at Alzahra hospital and Emam Hussein Hospital, Isfahan, Iran. During a period of 4 months, from February 2012 to May 2012, consecutive patients admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) aged between 1 month and 15 years with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) more than 90 ml/min were enrolled in the study. In all the patients who were enrolled in the study, blood and urine samples were attained on the first, third, and fifth day of admission. Serum and urine NGAL were assessed and compared between patients who developed AKI and who didn't. Of 25 patients who enrolled in the study, 13 developed AKI. For the serum NGAL, the most accurate cut-off point was the fifth day cut-off point which was 163 375 pg/ml (sensitivity: 61.5%, specificity: 94.6%, AUC: 0.76) and urine NGAL cut-off point was 86 040 pg/ml (sensitivity: 50%, specificity: 92.5%, AUC: 0.73). In conclusion, we deduced that serum NGAL level significantly elevates in critically ill patients admitted in PICU who develop AKI. Serum and urine NGAL on the fifth day are the best predictors for the AKI with cut-off points 163 375 and 86 040.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious condition, the diagnosis of which depends on serum creatinine, which is a delayed and unreliable indicator of AKI. Fortunately, understanding the early stress response of the kidney to acute injuries has revealed a number of potential biomarkers. The current status of the most promising of these novel AKI biomarkers, including neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP), and interleukin (IL)-18, is reviewed. In particular, NGAL is emerging as an excellent biomarker in the urine and plasma, for the early prediction of AKI, for monitoring clinical trials in AKI, and for the prognosis of AKI in several common clinical scenarios. However, biomarker combinations may be required to improve our ability to predict AKI and its outcomes in a context-specific manner. It is vital that additional large future studies demonstrate the association between biomarkers and hard clinical outcomes independent of serum creatinine concentrations and that randomization to a treatment for AKI based on high biomarker levels results in an improvement in clinical outcomes.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Current opinion in pediatrics
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