New Technique Using Combined Pulsed Dye Laser and Fractional Resurfacing for Treating Facial Angiofibromas in Tuberous Sclerosis

Laser & Skin Surgery Center of New York, New York, New York 10016, USA.
Lasers in Surgery and Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.62). 07/2010; 42(5):357-60. DOI: 10.1002/lsm.20939
Source: PubMed


Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is a well-described genetic disorder that is classically associated with up to hundreds of facial angiofibromas. Due to the progressive nature of the skin lesions and the early clinical presentation, a safe and effective technique for treating these disfiguring skin lesions is needed.
We report a combinatorial technique for treating the angiofibromas of TS. We present a case series of three TS patients treated with this technique combining pinpoint electrosurgery, pulsed-dye laser treatment, and ablative fractional resurfacing (AFR).
In all presented cases, improvement in the number and appearance of facial angiofibromas and erythema is noted. No scarring or adverse events were reported.
The technique of electrosurgery, pulsed-dye laser treatment, and AFR represents a new and safe therapeutic option for treating facial angiofibromas associated with TS.

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    • "TSC cases should have a detailed skin examination at the time of diagnosis and annually thereafter. Disfiguring skin lesions may improve with laser therapy, dermabrasion, and possibly with topical mTOR inhibitors (Papadavid et al., 2002; Weinberger et al., 2009; Weiss & Geronemus, 2010). "
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberous sclerosis or Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a relatively rare autosomal dominant and progressive neurocutaneous disorder involves multiple organs mainly brain, heart, kidney, lung, liver, skin and eye. The diagnosis is typically made clinically. Here, we are reporting a case of TSC presented mainly with dermatologic findings and only neurologic manifestations on MRI. A 15-year-old female with intellectual disability is followed up at neurology clinic for history of seizure. Intelligence evaluation showed that she has intellectual disability. She had wart like lesions distributed in form of butterfly over the face especially involving nose. She did not have any sign and symptom of heart, kidney, lung, bone and eye involvement. Also, her laboratory tests were normal. Despite the physical examination showed absolutely intact neurologic examination, but brain MRI and CT scan revealed several cortical and subcortical tubers, and subependymal glial nodules; no evidence of giant cell astrocytomas and aneurysm. Hypesignal foci are seen at subcortical white matter on long TR images. Fibers are involved. In this case, there is no evidence of giant cell astrocytomas and aneurysm. It seems that TSC could be the prevalent disorder and referring intellectual disability patients in birth with normal organs could be diagnosed as TSC. Therefore, there is necessary need to design genetic natal and post natal tests for diagnosis of TSC cases. Also, there is pivotal that similar cases must be reported; perhaps TSC is more prevalent than to be considered.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Global journal of health science
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    • "Early intervention is indicated for bleeding, symptomatic, or potentially disfiguring TSC skin lesions. There is insufficient evidence to guide choice of treatment—case reports and case series document successful use of surgical excision, lasers, and topical mTOR inhibitors.49–53 (Category 3) "
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberous sclerosis complex is a genetic disorder affecting every organ system, but disease manifestations vary significantly among affected individuals. The diverse and varied presentations and progression can be life-threatening with significant impact on cost and quality of life. Current surveillance and management practices are highly variable among region and country, reflective of the fact that last consensus recommendations occurred in 1998 and an updated, comprehensive standard is lacking that incorporates the latest scientific evidence and current best clinical practices. The 2012 International Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Consensus Group, comprising 79 specialists from 14 countries, was organized into 12 separate subcommittees, each led by a clinician with advanced expertise in tuberous sclerosis complex and the relevant medical subspecialty. Each subcommittee focused on a specific disease area with important clinical management implications and was charged with formulating key clinical questions to address within its focus area, reviewing relevant literature, evaluating the strength of data, and providing a recommendation accordingly. The updated consensus recommendations for clinical surveillance and management in tuberous sclerosis complex are summarized here. The recommendations are relevant to the entire lifespan of the patient, from infancy to adulthood, including both individuals where the diagnosis is newly made as well as individuals where the diagnosis already is established. The 2012 International Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Consensus Recommendations provide an evidence-based, standardized approach for optimal clinical care provided for individuals with tuberous sclerosis complex.
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    ABSTRACT: The introduction of the theory of selective photothermolysis has brought to medicine an entirely new therapeutic modality for treating cutaneous disorders. With ongoing research into existing therapies, cutaneous laser medicine is experiencing an expansion in application and safety profiles for many existing technologies. Additional trials and reports have also deepened our understanding and broadened our use for many existing cutaneous laser applications, such as for the treatment of pigment disorders, scarring, vascular disorders and noninvasive removal of fat. Recent data has demonstrated a valuable role of combined pharmacologic and laser modalities for the treatment of vascular malformations. This article will review recent developments of cutaneous laser science and technologies over the last several years, including such innovations as fractional photothermolysis and cryolipolysis.
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