New Technique Using Combined Pulsed Dye Laser and Fractional Resurfacing for Treating Facial Angiofibromas in Tuberous Sclerosis

ArticleinLasers in Surgery and Medicine 42(5):357-60 · July 2010with13 Reads
DOI: 10.1002/lsm.20939 · Source: PubMed
Abstract
Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is a well-described genetic disorder that is classically associated with up to hundreds of facial angiofibromas. Due to the progressive nature of the skin lesions and the early clinical presentation, a safe and effective technique for treating these disfiguring skin lesions is needed. We report a combinatorial technique for treating the angiofibromas of TS. We present a case series of three TS patients treated with this technique combining pinpoint electrosurgery, pulsed-dye laser treatment, and ablative fractional resurfacing (AFR). In all presented cases, improvement in the number and appearance of facial angiofibromas and erythema is noted. No scarring or adverse events were reported. The technique of electrosurgery, pulsed-dye laser treatment, and AFR represents a new and safe therapeutic option for treating facial angiofibromas associated with TS.
    • "TSC cases should have a detailed skin examination at the time of diagnosis and annually thereafter. Disfiguring skin lesions may improve with laser therapy, dermabrasion, and possibly with topical mTOR inhibitors (Papadavid et al., 2002; Weinberger et al., 2009; Weiss & Geronemus, 2010). International guidelines recommend performing a detailed dental and oral inspection or examination at the time of diagnosis to assess for dental enamel defects and intraoral fibromas (Krueger & Northrup, 2013). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tuberous sclerosis or Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a relatively rare autosomal dominant and progressive neurocutaneous disorder involves multiple organs mainly brain, heart, kidney, lung, liver, skin and eye. The diagnosis is typically made clinically. Here, we are reporting a case of TSC presented mainly with dermatologic findings and only neurologic manifestations on MRI. A 15-year-old female with intellectual disability is followed up at neurology clinic for history of seizure. Intelligence evaluation showed that she has intellectual disability. She had wart like lesions distributed in form of butterfly over the face especially involving nose. She did not have any sign and symptom of heart, kidney, lung, bone and eye involvement. Also, her laboratory tests were normal. Despite the physical examination showed absolutely intact neurologic examination, but brain MRI and CT scan revealed several cortical and subcortical tubers, and subependymal glial nodules; no evidence of giant cell astrocytomas and aneurysm. Hypesignal foci are seen at subcortical white matter on long TR images. Fibers are involved. In this case, there is no evidence of giant cell astrocytomas and aneurysm. It seems that TSC could be the prevalent disorder and referring intellectual disability patients in birth with normal organs could be diagnosed as TSC. Therefore, there is necessary need to design genetic natal and post natal tests for diagnosis of TSC cases. Also, there is pivotal that similar cases must be reported; perhaps TSC is more prevalent than to be considered.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015
    • "Various laser systems are used for the treatment of angiofibromas such as argon, CO 2 , copper vapor pulsed dye, neodymium, and erbium lasers. These lasers have been used independently or as variously associated [53], but a combined treatment of erbium:YAG/dye/CO 2 laser has never been described in the literature for patients affected by tuberous sclerosis. Bittencourt et al. demonstrated that CO 2 laser treatment of facial angiofibromas has an unpredictable long-term outcome notwithstanding its good or excellent early results [36]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tuberous sclerosis, an autosomal dominant neurocutaneous syndrome seen in approximately 1 in 6,000 people worldwide, is characterized by the appearance of hamartomas in multiple organs. The classic clinical triad consists of angiofibromas, epilepsy, and developmental delay. Dermatologic disorder is one of the main characteristics. Angiofibromas, a common form of presentation, causes significant cosmetic and medical problems. The current treatment for skin lesions is laser therapy. The carbon dioxide (CO2) laser has been used satisfactorily in treating these lesions, but several studies have demonstrated a high percentage of recurrences. Erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser treatment has been used to resurface skin abnormalities in patients with dermatologic conditions. The dye laser as an alternative uses the principles of selective photothermolysis and is very effective in treating the vascular component of tuberous sclerosis. The use of all these lasers to treat skin lesions in patients affected by tuberous sclerosis has never been described in the literature. A retrospective study, conducted from 2007 to May 2013, investigated 13 patients who had tuberous sclerosis treated with an erbium:YAG/CO2/dye laser combination. All the patients showed great improvement of their skin lesions. The results were evident immediately after the first treatment. No patient experienced complications or recurrence. The combined use of the erbium:YAG/Dye/CO2 laser is a safe and effective treatment for skin lesions in patients affected by tuberous sclerosis. This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013
    • "Early intervention is indicated for bleeding, symptomatic, or potentially disfiguring TSC skin lesions. There is insufficient evidence to guide choice of treatment—case reports and case series document successful use of surgical excision, lasers, and topical mTOR inhibitors.49–53 (Category 3) "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tuberous sclerosis complex is a genetic disorder affecting every organ system, but disease manifestations vary significantly among affected individuals. The diverse and varied presentations and progression can be life-threatening with significant impact on cost and quality of life. Current surveillance and management practices are highly variable among region and country, reflective of the fact that last consensus recommendations occurred in 1998 and an updated, comprehensive standard is lacking that incorporates the latest scientific evidence and current best clinical practices. The 2012 International Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Consensus Group, comprising 79 specialists from 14 countries, was organized into 12 separate subcommittees, each led by a clinician with advanced expertise in tuberous sclerosis complex and the relevant medical subspecialty. Each subcommittee focused on a specific disease area with important clinical management implications and was charged with formulating key clinical questions to address within its focus area, reviewing relevant literature, evaluating the strength of data, and providing a recommendation accordingly. The updated consensus recommendations for clinical surveillance and management in tuberous sclerosis complex are summarized here. The recommendations are relevant to the entire lifespan of the patient, from infancy to adulthood, including both individuals where the diagnosis is newly made as well as individuals where the diagnosis already is established. The 2012 International Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Consensus Recommendations provide an evidence-based, standardized approach for optimal clinical care provided for individuals with tuberous sclerosis complex.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013
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