A Monoclonal Antibody Against FimA Type II Porphyromonas gingivalis Inhibits IL-8 Production in Human Gingival Fibroblasts

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Matsudo, Chiba, Japan.
Hybridoma (2005) (Impact Factor: 0.34). 06/2010; 29(3):201-4. DOI: 10.1089/hyb.2009.0109
Source: PubMed


The periodontal pathogen Porphyromans gingivalis is classified into six groups (types I-V and Ib) based on the genotype of the fimbriae A (fimA) gene. Among genotypes, fimA type II strains are thought to be most strongly related to advanced periodontitis. The present study was undertaken to develop passive immunotherapy monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against periodontitis, which are capable of inhibiting virulency and were constructed through the immunization of outer membrane vesicles (OMV) fraction of fimAII strain, TDC60, using mouse hybridoma technology. MAbs that recognized OMV by ELISA assay were identified, and 28 clones were screened by Western blot analysis. After purifying these MAbs using protein G column, the effect of the MAb on IL-8 production from human gingival fibroblasts by OMV was examined. We selected MAb TDC4-33H, which strongly inhibited the IL-8 production with a higher MAb production rate. Since the MAb showed an individual ladder-like profile against OMV by Western blotting, we further examined the reactivity against lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from TDC60, W83 (fimAIV), and ATCC33277 (fimAI). As a result, MAb TDC4-33H recognized all LPSs. Moreover, MAb TDC4-33H significantly inhibited the LPS-stimulated IL-8 production in human gingival fibroblasts. These findings suggest that MAb TDC4-33H reacts with LPS and may be useful for passive immunotherapy through neutralizing IL-8 production in gingival fibroblasts by P. gingivalis LPS.

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