Distribution and characterization of Listeria monocytogenes clinical isolates in Portugal, 1994-2007

Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Rua Dr António Bernardino de Almeida, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal.
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology (Impact Factor: 2.67). 10/2010; 29(10):1219-27. DOI: 10.1007/s10096-010-0988-x
Source: PubMed


In recent years, the number of cases of listeriosis has increased worldwide. Ninety-five isolates of Listeria monocytogenes recovered from Portuguese human cases of listeriosis have been characterized by biotyping (cadmium and arsenic sensitivity), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) grouping, and by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) applying the enzymes AscI and ApaI. Isolates were classified into one of three PCR groups; IVb (71.6%), IIb (17.9%), and IIa (10.5%). Four biotypes were differentiated: sensitive to arsenic/cadmium (48.4%), arsenic-sensitive and cadmium-resistant (25.3%), resistant to arsenic and sensitive to cadmium (18.9%), and resistant to both heavy metals (7.4%). Combined analyses of AscI and ApaI patterns yielded a total of 58 PFGE types with five sets (G, Jb, KKa, Me, and U) of Portuguese strains, each of which were indistinguishable by PFGE typing. In the present study, it was demonstrated that there are recurrent pulsotypes and that some were the same pulsotypes linked to outbreaks in France. In addition, there are some pulsotypes spread throughout the country, while others only appear in a restricted region. This study allowed the assembly of a first large pulsotype database of Portuguese clinical strains.

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    • "According to Warriner and Namvar [25] noninvasive listeriosis is associated with a huge intake of L. monocytogenes. Listeria monocytogenes has been differentiated into 13 serotypes; serotypes 1/2a, 1/2b, and 4b have been involved in the majority of reported human listeriosis cases [33]. Subtype characterization of L. monocytogenes isolates from listeriosis outbreaks has suggested that many outbreaks were caused by a small number of L. monocytogenes epidemic clones [34], that is, by a closely related group of isolates that evolved clonally. "
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