Colon Ischemia Associated with Buerger's Disease: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Department of Internal Medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
Gut and liver (Impact Factor: 1.81). 06/2010; 4(2):287-91. DOI: 10.5009/gnl.2010.4.2.287
Source: PubMed


Buerger's disease, or thromboangiitis obliterans, is a nonatherosclerotic inflammatory disease affecting the small- and medium-sized arteries and veins of the extremities (arms, hands, legs, and feet). It is most common in the Orient, Southeast Asia, India, and the Middle East, and usually affects men aged between 20 and 40 years, although it is becoming more common in women. It is well established that most such patients smoke heavily and experience an improvement in symptoms following smoking cessation. Mesenteric involvement in Buerger's disease is extremely rare; however, we describe herein two cases of colon ischemia in patients who were previously diagnosed with lower-extremity Buerger's disease. In one case, the patient developed colonic obstruction, and surgical resection was performed. Histopathologic findings were compatible with the chronic stage of Buerger's disease. In the other case, angiography revealed abrupt occlusion of the inferior mesenteric artery with numerous collateral vessels, just like the corkscrew appearance found in the extremities. If patients with established Buerger's disease of the extremities complain of gastrointestinal symptoms, early interventional diagnosis should be performed to prevent intestinal obstruction and gangrene.

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    • "which was recently described in the inferior mesenteric artery. In a recent work [8], Corkscrew collateral vessels have seldom been described with other conditions. It is interesting that the " corkscrew " pattern has been duplicated experimentally [9] in a post hind limb occlusion model and thought to be enhanced by placental Growth Factor-1. "
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    ABSTRACT: Buerger's disease or Thromboangiitis obliterans is a segmental inflammatory disease that affects the vessels and nerves of the extremities. It usually affects men below 45 years old and correlates with tobacco, as a predisposing factor. The authors present the case of a 34-year-old male, with ulcers in the fingertips with progressive worsening: acrocyanosis, slow healing, necrosis and finally loss of substance. Dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial pulses were not palpable. Personal history of heavy smoking was (20 pack-years). The angiography revealed proximal occlusion of the left posterior tibial and interosseal arteries, with distal circulation by the anterior tibial artery. He was submitted to disarticulation of the second left toe and therapy with pentoxifyline and iloprost infusion, calcium antagonist, antiplatelet drugs, statin and low molecular weight heparin (later replaced by oral anticoagulation). Improvement was seen of active vascular lesions and pain symptoms.
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