Peer Reviewed: Putting Physical Activity Where It Fits in the School Day: Preliminary Results of the ABC (Activity Bursts in the Classroom) for Fitness Program

Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center, 130 Division St, Derby, CT 06418, USA.
Preventing chronic disease (Impact Factor: 2.12). 07/2010; 7(4):A82.
Source: PubMed


Despite well-documented evidence that physical activity is beneficial to children, average fitness levels of US children have declined. Lack of physical activity has been associated with childhood obesity. We evaluated the effects of a physical activity program in the elementary school classroom on health outcomes.
Three schools in the Independence School District in Independence, Missouri, were assigned to receive the ABC (Activity Bursts in the Classroom) for Fitness program, and 2 comparable schools served as controls. The program, led by classroom teachers, provides multiple, brief, structured physical activity breaks throughout the day. Baseline data for the study were collected in September 2007, and follow-up data were collected in April 2008.
Physical fitness measures of upper-body strength, abdominal strength, and trunk extensor improved (P <.001). Medication use for asthma (P = .03), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (P = .07), or either medication combined (P = .005) decreased.
The effects of the program on daily physical activity, fitness, and measures of health are beneficial.

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Available from: Judith A Treu, Apr 10, 2014
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    • "Physically active children are reported to have better academic performance (Castelli, Hillman, Buck, & Erwin, 2007). Katz et al. (2010) observed that children with ADHD who performed physical exercises in class had reductions in the medications taken for ADHD. "
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    • "Improves academic performance (Donnelly et al., 2009) Improve fitness levels (Katz et al., 2010) Helps students be more on-task (especially the least on-task students) "

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