Folylpolyglutamate Synthetase Gene Transcription is Regulated by a Multiprotein Complex that Binds the TEL-AML1 Fusion in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA.
Leukemia research (Impact Factor: 2.35). 12/2010; 34(12):1601-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.leukres.2010.05.012
Source: PubMed


Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) non-random fusions influence clinical outcome and alter the accumulation of MTX-PGs in vivo. Analysis of primary ALL samples uncovered subtype-specific patterns of folate gene expression. Using an FPGS-luciferase reporter gene assay, we determined that E2A-PBX1 and TEL-AML1 expression decreased FPGS transcription. ChIP assays uncovered HDAC1, AML1, mSin3A, E2F, and Rb interactions with the FPGS promoter region. We demonstrate that FPGS expression is epigenetically regulated through binding of selected ALL fusions to a multiprotein complex, which also controls the cell cycle dependence of FPGS expression. This study provides insights into the pharmacogenomics of MTX in ALL subtypes.

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    • "This alteration developed from the translocation of t(12; 21); the TEL-AMI1 fusion gene is formed by the short arm 1 region 2 band of chromosome 12 transformed to and fused with the short arm 2 region 2 band of chromosome 21 (Eberhart et al., 2011). However, whether TEL-AML1 fusion gene expression is associated with GC resistance and is involved in the occurrence of GC resistance through an anti-apoptotic effect remain unknown (Leclerc et al., 2010). "
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the expression differences of the TEL-AML1 fusion gene in a leukemia glucocorticoid (GC)-sensitive cell line (CEM) and a GC-resistant cell line (Jurkat). Changes in TEL-AML1 expression before and after GC exposure were analyzed. Expression of GC-sensitive and GC-resistant leukemia cells following initial diagnosis and during treatment was simulated. Leukemia cells were divided into a GC-unexposed or a GC-exposed group. A methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay was used to detect cell proliferation inhibition, flow cytometry was used to observe cell apoptosis, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the mRNA expression of TEL-AML1 before and after exposure, and western blotting was used to analyze protein levels of TEL-AML1 before and after exposure. Inhibitory concentrations of 50% of cells in the Jurkat and CEM cells at 24 h were 382 and 9 mM, respectively, and at 48 h they were 216 and 2 mM. The proliferation inhibition effect of dexamethasone sodium phosphate on Jurkat cells was much lower than that on CEM cells. Jurkat cells showed obvious apoptosis after exposure to 100 mM dexamethasone sodium phosphate for 48 h. In the exposed group, Jurkat cells showed higher TEL-AML1 expression than did CEM cells (P < 0.05). In the unexposed group, TEL-AML1 gene expression in Jurkat cells was not affected by GC exposure (P > 0.05), while the CEM cells presented significant differences before and after exposure (P < 0.05). Sustained high expression of TEL-AML1 participated in and maintained the occurrence of GC resistance. Inhibition of TEL-AML1 may provide a new therapeutic approach to reverse GC resistance.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Genetics and molecular research: GMR
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    • "It was reported that patients with TEL-AML1 and E2A-PBX1 fusion genes had significantly lower level of FPGS mRNA expression in childhood ALL. And TEL-AML1 and E2A-PBX1 can downregulate FPGS promoter activity and lead to lower mRNA expression and enzymatic activity [24,25]. As rs1544105 influences FPGS expression, we supposed that this polymorphism might correlate with TEL-AML1and E2A-PBX1 fusions. "
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    ABSTRACT: Folypolyglutamate synthase (FPGS) catalyzes the polyglutamation of folates and antifolates, such as methotrexate (MTX), to produce highly active metabolites. FPGS tag SNP rs1544105C > T is located in the gene promoter. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of rs1544105 polymorphism on the treatment outcome in pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). This study enrolled 164 children with BCP-ALL. We genotyped the FPGS SNP rs1544105, and analyzed the associations between its genotypes and treatment outcome. We also examined FPGS mRNA levels by real-time PCR in 64 of the 164 children, and investigated the function of this polymorphism on gene expression. We found significantly poor relapse-free survival (RFS) (p = 0.010) and poor event-free survival (EFS) (p = 0.046) in carriers of CC genotype. Multivariable Cox regression analyses adjusted for possible confounding variables showed that, relative to the CT + TT genotypes, the CC genotype was an independent prognostic factor for poor RFS (hazard ratio [HR], 4.992.; 95% CI, 1.550-16.078; p = 0.007). No association was found between any toxicity and rs1544105 polymorphism. Quantitative PCR results showed that individuals with the T allele had lower levels of FPGS transcripts. Our study indicates that FPGS rs1544105C > T polymorphism might influence FPGS expression and affect treatment outcome in BCP-ALL patients.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013 · Cancer Cell International

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