Comparison of intravitreal bevacizumab to photodynamic therapy for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy: Short-term results

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology (Impact Factor: 0.9). 03/2010; 58(4):291-6. DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.64130
Source: PubMed


To compare the short-term therapeutic effects of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) to those of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV).
Retrospective interventional case study. Eighty-nine eyes of 89 patients with symptomatic PCV were treated by IVB or PDT. Eighteen eyes were treated with a single injection of IVB (s-IVB group), 22 eyes with three consecutive monthly IVB injections (m-IVB group), and 49 eyes with PDT alone (PDT group). The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and OCT-determined central foveal thickness (CFT) were evaluated before, and one and three months after the treatment. For statistical analyses, one-factor ANOVA and Chi-square test were used.
The differences in the BCVA and CFT among the three groups at the baseline were not significant (P=0.992, P=0.981, respectively). Three months after the treatment, the BCVA improved by> 0.2 logMAR units in two out of 18 eyes (11%) in the s-IVB group, three out of 22 eyes (14%) in the m-IVB group, and 15 out of 49 eyes (31%) in the PDT group (P=0.124). A decrease in the CFT by> 20% was achieved in six out of 18 eyes in the s-IVB group, ten eyes (46%) in the m-IVB group, and 35 eyes (71%) in the PDT group (P=0.009). The resolution of polyps was achieved in three out of 18 eyes in the s-IVB group, one eye (5%) in the m-IVB group and 35 eyes (71%) in the PDT group (P < 0.001).
The better short-term therapeutic outcomes in the PDT group than in the s-IVB and m-IVB groups indicate that PDT may be more effective than IVB in short term after treatment for PCV.

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  • No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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    ABSTRACT: To report 1-year results of reduced-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT) for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in Japanese patients. Prospective interventional case series. In the present study, 28 treatment-naïve eyes of 28 consecutive patients underwent PDT with a reduced laser fluence of 25 J/cm(2). Patients were followed up at baseline and 1 week and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after PDT. Choroidal perfusion changes were evaluated by indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and leakage from PCV lesions and exudative changes by fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography. Treatment safety was assessed according to visual acuity (VA) and adverse events. The best-corrected VA (BCVA) obtained by Landolt ring tests was converted into the logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution (logMAR). At baseline, the mean logMAR BCVA was 0.45 (geometric mean: 7/20). At 12 months, the mean logMAR BCVA significantly improved to 0.29 (geometric mean: 10/20) (P = 0.0001). The logMAR BCVA was stable or improved by >or=0.2 in 26 eyes (93%) at 1-year follow-up. In 10 eyes with VA better than 20/40 at baseline, the mean logMAR BCVA was significantly improved compared with baseline at 12 months. Although 16 of 28 eyes (57%) showed mild to moderate nonperfusion of choriocapillaris in early ICGA at 1 week, 27 eyes (96%) showed recovery to pretreatment levels at 3 months. Mean number of treatment sessions during the 12 months was 1.3. No severe side effects related to treatment were encountered. Reduced-fluence PDT is an effective treatment for PCV and could improve vision even in eyes with VA better than 20/40.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · American Journal of Ophthalmology

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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