Risk of endometrial cancer for women diagnosed with HNPCC-related colorectal carcinoma

School of Medicine, The University of Queensland and the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, QLD, Australia.
International Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.09). 12/2010; 127(11):2678-84. DOI: 10.1002/ijc.25501
Source: PubMed


The risk of endometrial cancer (EC) subsequent to a diagnosis of colorectal cancer in women with a germline mutation in a mismatch repair gene [Lynch syndrome or hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC)] is unknown. We estimated the risk of EC following a diagnosis of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) for women with Lynch syndrome. A retrospective cohort study was performed on women diagnosed with CRC with a germline mutation in a mismatch repair (MMR) gene (Lynch syndrome cases), and women with microsatellite stable (MSS) CRC who were not known to carry a germline mutation (non-Lynch cases), identified from the Colon Cancer Family Registry. The incidence of EC following CRC was estimated and compared for women with and without Lynch syndrome, using adjusted hazards ratios calculated for time at risk among each group. A total of 112 women with Lynch syndrome and a previous diagnosis of CRC were compared with 908 women without Lynch and with a MSS CRC diagnosis. The estimated 10-year cumulative risk of EC subsequent to CRC was 23.4% [95% confidence interval (CI): 15-36%] for Lynch syndrome women compared with 1.6% (95% CI: 0.7-3.8%) for non-Lynch women. After adjusting for ascertainment, age at diagnosis and diagnosis of other cancers, risk of subsequent diagnosis with EC was elevated sixfold in women with Lynch syndrome compared with non-Lynch women (HR 6.2; 95% CI 2.2-17.3; p = 0.001). Approximately one quarter of women diagnosed with Lynch syndrome-associated CRC developed EC within 10 years. This supports the sentinel cancer concept and suggests that active and early management is important for these women.

Download full-text


Available from: John L. Hopper, Jan 08, 2014
  • Source
    • "The population frequency of LS has been estimated at approximately 1 in 3000 individuals [46,47]. By 70 years of age, 45% of men and 33% of women diagnosed with HNPCC/LS will develop CRC and 15% of women will develop endometrial cancer [48,49]. Given that mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes are generally not considered to display distinct genotype-phenotype correlations and are only identified in ~50% of individuals with a clinical diagnosis of HNPCC, it has become apparent that other genetic factors are likely to influence disease development. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC)/Lynch syndrome (LS) is a cancer syndrome characterised by early-onset epithelial cancers, especially colorectal cancer (CRC) and endometrial cancer. The aim of the current study was to use SNP-array technology to identify genomic aberrations which could contribute to the increased risk of cancer in HNPCC/LS patients. Methods Individuals diagnosed with HNPCC/LS (100) and healthy controls (384) were genotyped using the Illumina Human610-Quad SNP-arrays. Copy number variation (CNV) calling and association analyses were performed using Nexus software, with significant results validated using QuantiSNP. TaqMan Copy-Number assays were used for verification of CNVs showing significant association with HNPCC/LS identified by both software programs. Results We detected copy number (CN) gains associated with HNPCC/LS status on chromosome 7q11.21 (28% cases and 0% controls, Nexus; p = 3.60E-20 and QuantiSNP; p < 1.00E-16) and 16p11.2 (46% in cases, while a CN loss was observed in 23% of controls, Nexus; p = 4.93E-21 and QuantiSNP; p = 5.00E-06) via in silico analyses. TaqMan Copy-Number assay was used for validation of CNVs showing significant association with HNPCC/LS. In addition, CNV burden (total CNV length, average CNV length and number of observed CNV events) was significantly greater in cases compared to controls. Conclusion A greater CNV burden was identified in HNPCC/LS cases compared to controls supporting the notion of higher genomic instability in these patients. One intergenic locus on chromosome 7q11.21 is possibly associated with HNPCC/LS and deserves further investigation. The results from this study highlight the complexities of fluorescent based CNV analyses. The inefficiency of both CNV detection methods to reproducibly detect observed CNVs demonstrates the need for sequence data to be considered alongside intensity data to avoid false positive results.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · BMC Medical Genomics
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Turn-off switching losses of punch-through (PT) and nonpunch-through (NPT) IGBTs under hard switching (HS) and zero-voltage switching (ZVS) are presented and evaluated at 25°C, 75°C and 125°C. A comparison between PT and NPT devices based on their internal device characteristics is given for HS and ZVS. The low emitter efficiency NPT IGBTs used in this paper have smaller switching losses under HS and ZVS at 125°C than PT devices. Zero-current switching (ZCS) techniques are also evaluated for both IGBT structures. PT IGBTs are found to have lower turn-off losses than NPT IGBTs
    No preview · Conference Paper · Jul 1996
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recently, six colorectal cancer (CRC) susceptibility loci have been identified, and two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)--rs16892766 (8q23.3) and rs3802842 (11q23.1)--from two of these regions have been found to be significantly associated with an increased CRC risk in patients with Lynch syndrome. The objective of this study was to genotype nine SNPs within these six loci to confirm previous findings and investigate whether they act as modifiers of disease risk in patients with Lynch syndrome. The patient cohort consisted of 684 mutation-positive patients with Lynch syndrome from 298 Australian and Polish families. Nine SNPs were genotyped: rs16892766 (8q23.3), rs7014346 and rs6983267 (8q24.21), rs10795668 (10p14), rs3802842 (11q23.1), rs10318 and rs4779584 (15q13.3), and rs4939827 and rs4464148 (18q21.1). The data were analysed to investigate possible associations between the presence of variant alleles and the risk of developing disease. An association between SNP rs3802842 on chromosome 11q23.1 and rs16892766 on chromosome 8q23.3 and the risk of developing CRC and age of diagnosis was found in MLH1 mutation carriers. Female MLH1 mutation carriers harbouring the homozygous variant genotype for SNP rs3802842 have the highest risk of developing CRC. When the number of risk alleles for the two SNPs combined was analysed, a difference of 24 years was detected between individuals carrying three risk alleles and those carrying no risk alleles. The authors were able to replicate the association between the CRC susceptibility loci on chromosomes 8q23.3 and 11q23 and the risk of developing CRC in patients with Lynch syndrome, but the association could only be detected in MLH1 mutation carriers in this study.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2010 · Journal of Medical Genetics
Show more

We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on ResearchGate. Read our cookies policy to learn more.