CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells converted by rapamycin from peripheral CD4+CD25(-) naive T cells display more potent regulatory ability in vitro

ArticleinChinese medical journal 123(7):942-8 · April 2010with17 Reads
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0366-6999.2010.07.032 · Source: PubMed
Rapamycin (RAPA) is a relatively new immunosuppressant drug that functions as a serine/threonine kinase inhibitor to prevent rejection in organ transplantation. RAPA blocks activation of T-effector (Teff) cells by inhibiting the response to interleukin-2. Recently, RAPA was also shown to selectively expand the T-regulator (Treg) cell population. To date, no studies have examined the mechanism by which RAPA converts Teff cells to Treg cells. Peripheral CD4(+)CD25(-) naive T cells were cultivated with RAPA and B cells as antigen-presenting cells (APCs) in vitro. CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells were harvested after 6 days and analyzed for expression of forkhead box protein 3 (Foxp3) using flow cytometry. CD4(+)CD25(+)CD127(-) subsets as the converted Tregs were isolated from the mixed lymphocyte reactions (MLR) with CD127 negative selection, followed by CD4 and CD25 positive selection using microbeads and magnetic separation column (MSC). Moreover, mRNA was extracted from converted Tregs and C57BL/6 naive CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells and Foxp3 levels were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (rt-PCR). A total of 1 x 10(5) carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE)-labeled naive CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells/well from C57BL/6 mice were cocultured with DBA/2 or C3H maturation of dendritic cells (mDCs) (0.25 x 10(5)/well) in 96-well round-bottom plates for 6 days. Then 1 x 10(5) or 0.25 x 10(5) converted Treg cells were added to every well as regulatory cells. Cells were harvested after 6 days of culture and analyzed for proliferation of CFSE-labeled naive CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells using flow cytometry. Data were analyzed using CellQuest software. We found that RAPA can convert peripheral CD4(+)CD25(-) naive T Cells to CD4(+)Foxp3(+) Treg cells using B cells as APCs, and this subtype of Treg can potently suppress Teff proliferation and maintain antigenic specificity. Our findings provide evidence that RAPA induces Treg cell conversion from Teff cells and uncovers an additional mechanism for tolerance induction by RAPA.
    • "Increased T reg number and T reg associated gene expression profiles have been found in cell lines derived from renal transplant recipients with stable graft function compared with those with chronic allograft dysfunction [20]. SIR promotes conversion of CD4 + CD25 naive T Cells to CD4 + Foxp3 + T reg s [21]. In contrast, cyclosporine A (CsA) completely inhibits this process [22]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Measures to prevent chronic calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) toxicity have included limiting exposure by switching to sirolimus (SIR). SIR may favorably influence T regulator cell (Treg) population. This randomized controlled trial compares the effect of switching from CNI to SIR on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and Treg frequency. In this prospective open label randomized trial, primary living donor kidney transplant recipients on CNI-based immunosuppression were randomized to continue CNI or switched to sirolimus 2 months after surgery; 29 were randomized to receive CNI and 31 to SIR. All patients received mycophenolate mofetil and steroids. The main outcome parameter was estimated GFR (eGFR) at 180 days. Treg population was estimated by flowcytometry. Baseline characteristics in the two groups were similar. Forty-eight patients completed the trial. At six months, patients in the SIR group had significantly higher eGFR as compared to those in the CNI group (88.94±11.78 vs 80.59±16.51 mL/min, p = 0.038). Patients on SIR had a 12 mL/min gain of eGFR of at the end of six months. Patients in the SIR group showed significant increase in Treg population at 30 days, which persisted till day 180. There was no difference in the adverse events in terms of number of acute rejection episodes, death, infections, proteinuria, lipid profile, blood pressure control and hematological parameters between the two groups. Four patients taking SIR developed enthesitis. No patient left the study or switched treatment because of adverse event. A deferred pre-emptive switch over from CNI to SIR safely improves renal function and Treg population at 6 months in living donor kidney transplant recipients. Registered in Clinical Trials Registry of India (CTRI/2011/091/000034).
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013
    • "This unexpected finding is interesting given that administration of the mTOR-inhibiting drug Rapamycin is an established means of inducing T reg expansion from CD4 + CD25 + cells [46]. Furthermore, Rapamycin was reported to induce T regs from naı¨venaı¨ve T-cells [47]. In said study however, naı¨venaı¨ve CD4 + T-cells were co-cultured with B-cells as APC in the presence of Rapamycin. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Regulatory T-cells (Tregs) are central for immune homeostasis and divided in thymus-derived natural Tregs and peripherally induced iTreg. However, while phenotype and function of iTregs are well known, a remarkable lack exists in knowledge about signaling mechanisms leading to their generation from naïve precursors in peripheral tissues. Using antigen specific naïve T-cells from mice, we investigated CD4+ CD25+ FoxP3- iTreg induction during antigen-specific T-cell receptor (TCR) stimulation with weak antigen presenting cells (APC). We show that early signaling pathways such as ADAM-17-activation appeared similar in developing iTreg and effector cells (Teff) and both initially shedded CD62-L. But iTreg started reexpressing CD62-L after 24 h while Teff permanently downmodulated it. Furthermore, between 24 and 72 hours iTreg presented with significantly lower phosphorylation levels of Akt-S473 suggesting lower activity of the PI3K/Akt-axis. This was associated with a higher expression of the Akt hydrophobic motif-specific phosphatase PHLPP1 in iTreg. Importantly, the lack of costimulatory signals via CD28 from weak APC was central for the development of regulatory function in iTreg but not for the reappearance of CD62-L. Thus, T-cells display a window of sensitivity after onset of TCR triggering within which the intensity of the PI3K/Akt signal controls entry into either effector or regulatory pathways.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013
    • "Míg a takrolimusz az IL-2-termelést blokkolja, a szirolimusz az IL-2-re adott választ blokkolja, és ezzel a T-és B-sejt-aktivációt. Ezzel egyidejűleg az alloimmun toleranciáért felelős T-reg (FoxP3+) -sejtek kialakulását és funkcióját is erő- síti [4, 5] . A citoszolban a takrolimusz és az ahhoz kötődő FKBP12 alkotta komplex a kalcineurinnal, míg a szirolimus-FKBP12 komplex az mTOR-ral képez komplexet. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Solid organ transplantation has shown improvement in patient and graft survival rates due to the development of immunosuppression in the last fifty years; however only the last two decades led to the development of new, baseline immunosuppressive drugs that avoid the unlikely side effects of calcineurin inhibitors, especially nephrotoxicity. The transplanted organ is foreign to the host and, therefore, it induces a complex immune response of the recipient. In this review, a brief outline of immune response is given, followed by the introduction of new immunosuppressive drugs acting via variant pathways. These are compounds which are already in use or becoming shortly available and are potential future alternatives for the calcineurin inhibitors. This paper highlights the role of co-stimulation blockade with belatacept and the recently even more intensively studied field of tolerance induction.
    Article · Aug 2012
Show more

Recommended publications

Discover more