Article

Identification of a complex between fibronectin and aggrecan G3 domain in synovial fluid of patients with painful meniscal pathology

Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.
Clinical biochemistry (Impact Factor: 2.28). 07/2010; 43(10-11):808-14. DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2010.04.069
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

We previously described a panel of four cytokines biomarkers in knee synovial fluid for acute knee pain associated with meniscal pathology. The cytokine biomarkers included interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin 6 (IL-6), monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 beta (MIP-1beta). Validation studies using other immunologic techniques confirmed the presence of IL-6, MCP-1 and MIP-1beta, but not IFN-gamma. Therefore we sought the identity of the IFN-gamma signal in synovial fluid.
Knee synovial fluid was collected from patients with an acute, painful meniscal injury, as well as asymptomatic volunteers. A combination of high-pressure chromatography, mass spectrometry and immunological techniques were used to enrich and identify the protein components representing the IFN-gamma signal.
A protein complex of fibronectin and the aggrecan G3 domain was identified in the synovial fluid of patients with a meniscal tear and pain that was absent in asymptomatic controls. This protein complex correlated to the IFN-gamma signal. A novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to specifically identify the complex in synovial fluid.
We have identified a protein complex of fibronectin and aggrecan G3 domain that is a candidate biomarker for pain associated with meniscal injury.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Robert Bowser
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Molecular biomarkers associated with knee pain may be useful as diagnostic modalities, prognostic indicators, and surrogate end points for therapeutic trials. The present study describes a novel complex of fibronectin and aggrecan that is present in the affected knee of patients with pain and meniscal abnormality. The present prospective study included thirty patients with knee pain, mechanical symptoms, and magnetic resonance imaging findings that were positive for a meniscal tear who chose arthroscopic partial meniscectomy after unsuccessful nonoperative management. Synovial fluid was aspirated at the time of surgery and was assayed for the fibronectin-aggrecan complex with use of a heterogeneous enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results were compared with knee aspirates from ten asymptomatic volunteers with no pain who underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the knee. The mean optical density (and standard deviation) of the fibronectin-aggrecan complex was significantly greater in synovial fluid from knees undergoing arthroscopic surgery as compared with fluid from asymptomatic controls (13.29 ± 8.48 compared with 0.03 ± 0.09; p < 0.001). The mean age in the study group was significantly greater than in control group (46.0 ± 12.6 compared with 38.5 ± 6.0 years; p = 0.02), but controlling for age did not affect the results. Post hoc, an optical density cutoff value of 0.3 distinguished the study group from the control group with 100% accuracy. A novel fibronectin-aggrecan complex is present in the synovial fluid of painful knees with meniscal abnormality. The fibronectin-aggrecan complex may prove to be useful as a clinical biomarker or therapeutic target. Further research is warranted to correlate functional outcome after surgery with the fibronectin-aggrecan complex and other cartilage biomarkers.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2011 · The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A single-center, prospective, consecutive case series of patients undergoing epidural lavage before the treatment of radiculopathy due to lumbar disc herniation. To determine whether a novel complex of fibronectin and aggrecan predicts clinical response to epidural steroid injection (ESI) for the indication of radiculopathy from lumbar herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP). ESI for lumbar radiculopathy due to HNP is widely used despite variable effectiveness for this indication. With increased attention aimed at cost containment, it would be beneficial to identify those in whom ESI may be helpful. There are currently no accurate diagnostic tests to predict response to ESI in back pain and sciatica syndromes. We have previously investigated biomarkers of disc degeneration associated with radiculopathy. We embarked to determine whether a molecular complex of fibronectin and aggrecan predicts clinical response to ESI for the indication of radiculopathy from HNP. This prospective study was conducted at a single center and included 26 patients with radiculopathic pain and magnetic resonance imaging positive for HNP, who elected ESI. Epidural lavage with physiologic saline was performed immediately before ESI. The lavage fluid was assayed for the fibronectin-aggrecan complex (FAC) by using a heterogeneous sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The results were compared with the interval improvement in the physical component summary (PCS) score of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 instrument (SF-36) after injection compared with baseline. The mean improvement from baseline PCS in patients with the FAC was 22.9 (SD, 12.4) and without the complex was 0.64 (SD, 3.97; P < 0.001). Differences in total SF-36 improvement were also highly significant (P < 0.001). The presence of the FAC predicts a clinically significant increase in PCS after lumbar ESI by receiver-operating-characteristic analysis (area under the curve = 0.97; P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in age (P = 0.25), sex (P = 0.84), laterality (P = 0.06), lumbar spinal level (P = 0.75), or payer type (worker's compensation vs. private insurance; P = 0.90) between groups with and without the marker. A molecular complex of fibronectin and aggrecan predicts response to lumbar ESI for radiculopathy with HNP. The biomarker is accurate, objective, and not affected by demographic or psychosocial variables in this series.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Spine

  • No preview · Article · May 2011 · Therapy
Show more