Are men shortchanged on health? Perspective on life expectancy, morbidity, and in men and women in the United States

Division of Urology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA.
International Journal of Clinical Practice (Impact Factor: 2.57). 03/2010; 64(4):465-74. DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-1241.2009.02289.x
Source: PubMed


Significant gender disparities exist in life expectancy and major disease morbidity. There is an urgent need to understand the major issues related to men's health that contributes to these significant disparities. It is hypothesized that men have higher and earlier morbidities, in addition to behavioral factors that contribute to their lower life expectancy.
Data was collected from CDC: Health United States, 2007; American Heart Association, American Obesity Association, and American Cancer Society.
Men have lower life expectancy than women in most countries around the world including United States. This gender disparity is consistent regardless of geography, race and ethnicity. More men die of 12 out of the 15 leading causes of death than women. In addition, men have higher morbidity and mortality in coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension, diabetes, and cancer.
Men's lower life expectancy may be explained by biological and clinical factors such as the higher incidence of cardiovascular metabolic disease and cancer. In the context of public health, raising awareness of cardiovascular and metabolic health is needed to reduce the gender disparity. In addition, consideration of preventive and early detection/intervention programs may improve men's health.

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Available from: Alex Shteynshlyuger, Jul 29, 2015
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    • "By contrast, the gender gap has become wider. Although the size of the gender gap in life expectancy (GGLE) varies, figures demonstrate that women now outlive men in all countries across the globe (Pinkhasov et al., 2010). Indeed, the GGLE favours females, not just in humans, but also across virtually all mammals (The Economist, 2013). "
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    • "[40] Men are known to die at an earlier age than women. [41, 42] "
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    • "Some epidemiological studies did not report any gender differences in sepsis-related death (Crabtree et al., 1999; Martin et al., 2003; Laupland et al., 2004; Esper et al., 2006) whereas other found either increased mortality in men (Osborn et al., 2004; Melamed & Sorvillo, 2009; Wafaisade et al., 2011) or women (Combes et al., 2009; Pietropaoli et al., 2010; Nachtigall et al., 2011). As men are also at increased risk of death due to trauma, cancer and cardiovascular diseases as compared with women, the analysis of epidemiological data should integrate these potential biases (Micheli et al., 2009; Pinkhasov et al., 2010; Coronado et al., 2011). "

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