Article

Education, alcohol use and abuse among young adults in Britain

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, The London School of Economics, London WC2A 2AE, United Kingdom.
Social Science [?] Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.89). 07/2010; 71(1):143-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.03.022
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

In this article we explore the relationship between education and alcohol consumption. We examine whether the probability of abusing alcohol differs across educational groups. We use data from the British Cohort Study, a longitudinal study of one week's birth in Britain in 1970. We analysed data collected at age 34 (in 2004) and complement it with information gathered at previous sweeps. Measures of alcohol abuse include alcohol consumption above NHS guidelines, daily alcohol consumption and problem drinking. We found that higher educational attainment is associated with increased odds of daily alcohol consumption and problem drinking. The relationship is stronger for females than males. Individuals who achieved high educational test scores in childhood are at a significantly higher risk of abusing alcohol across all dimensions. Our results also suggest that educational qualifications and academic performance are associated with the probability of belonging to different typologies of alcohol consumers among women while this association is not present in the case of educational qualifications and is very weak in the case of academic performance among males.

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    ABSTRACT: Alcohol consumption by young professional women is increasing. Whilst the media and public health campaigns have condemned this increase, societal attitudes and advertising discourses frame it as a display of ‘power femininity’. This qualitative study explored young professional women's ‘relationship with alcohol’: why they drank and how they felt about it. Twelve young professional women who reported drinking over official limits and had not sought professional help were recruited via UK public houses (drinking establishments, usually called pubs) and later interviewed. Transcripts were analysed thematically. Participants used alcohol to gain power; they saw drinking as a masculine ability demonstrating stamina, valued professionally and socially. However, women were also ashamed of their drinking; they felt criticised by health professionals and the media. Rather than perpetuating a blaming and shaming discourse, it may be important to counteract social norms associating alcohol use with power and sobriety with weakness.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Feminism & Psychology
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    • "2011 ; Grittner et al . 2012 ) and a study of young adults in Britain found a positive relationship between education level and alcohol consumption ( Huerta & Borgonovi 2010 ) . However , despite higher socio - economic classes consuming more alcohol , individuals living in areas of social deprivation carry the burden of problem drinking and alcohol - related disease ( Bromley Table 3 Association of the interaction term SIMD * polygenic risk score with cognitive variables previously shown to be associated with polygenic risk for alcohol dependence . "

    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Addiction Biology
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