Education, alcohol use and abuse among young adults in Britain
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, The London School of Economics, London WC2A 2AE, United Kingdom.Social Science [?] Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.89). 07/2010; 71(1):143-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.03.022
In this article we explore the relationship between education and alcohol consumption. We examine whether the probability of abusing alcohol differs across educational groups. We use data from the British Cohort Study, a longitudinal study of one week's birth in Britain in 1970. We analysed data collected at age 34 (in 2004) and complement it with information gathered at previous sweeps. Measures of alcohol abuse include alcohol consumption above NHS guidelines, daily alcohol consumption and problem drinking. We found that higher educational attainment is associated with increased odds of daily alcohol consumption and problem drinking. The relationship is stronger for females than males. Individuals who achieved high educational test scores in childhood are at a significantly higher risk of abusing alcohol across all dimensions. Our results also suggest that educational qualifications and academic performance are associated with the probability of belonging to different typologies of alcohol consumers among women while this association is not present in the case of educational qualifications and is very weak in the case of academic performance among males.
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- "However, media representations of the binge drinking crisis may have chosen the wrong poster girl, since surveys have shown that young professional women drink more than working-class women (Huerta & Borgonovi, 2010; Jefferis, Manor, & Power, 2007; Maggs, Patrick, & Feinstein, 2007). Young professional women have more expendable income, are situated in the workplace culture with its drinking rituals, and are more likely to postpone childbirth; Huerta and Borgonovi (2010) suggest that alcohol use and abuse are more socially acceptable amongst the middle class. For young professional women specifically, it seems that certain aspects of masculinity, such as drinking in pubs, are newly accessible. "
ABSTRACT: Alcohol consumption by young professional women is increasing. Whilst the media and public health campaigns have condemned this increase, societal attitudes and advertising discourses frame it as a display of ‘power femininity’. This qualitative study explored young professional women's ‘relationship with alcohol’: why they drank and how they felt about it. Twelve young professional women who reported drinking over official limits and had not sought professional help were recruited via UK public houses (drinking establishments, usually called pubs) and later interviewed. Transcripts were analysed thematically. Participants used alcohol to gain power; they saw drinking as a masculine ability demonstrating stamina, valued professionally and socially. However, women were also ashamed of their drinking; they felt criticised by health professionals and the media. Rather than perpetuating a blaming and shaming discourse, it may be important to counteract social norms associating alcohol use with power and sobriety with weakness.
- "2011 ; Grittner et al . 2012 ) and a study of young adults in Britain found a positive relationship between education level and alcohol consumption ( Huerta & Borgonovi 2010 ) . However , despite higher socio - economic classes consuming more alcohol , individuals living in areas of social deprivation carry the burden of problem drinking and alcohol - related disease ( Bromley Table 3 Association of the interaction term SIMD * polygenic risk score with cognitive variables previously shown to be associated with polygenic risk for alcohol dependence . "
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- "The majority of studies demonstrating the adverse effects of alcohol on bone health have been conducted in males . Although in women postmenopausal oestrogen deficiency is widely regarded as the most eminent factor leading to OP, female alcoholism is rising worldwide, particularly in young women  . Thus far, epidemiological data relating to bone health in female alcoholics has been lacking . "
ABSTRACT: We report a pilot study of bone health of alcohol dependent women. Women admitted to an alcohol-withdrawal unit (cases) and a convenience sample of controls (nursing staff) were recruited and asked to complete a lifestyle questionnaire before undergoing heel ultrasound measurements. Fasting blood samples were obtained on the day of admission (day 1) and at 5 days. Bone turnover markers (P1NP and CTX) and vitamin D levels were measured in a subset of the alcohol dependent population. Cases were less physically active than controls. Alcoholic women had lower heel ultrasound derived Stiffness Index scores [mean 85.2 (17.6)] compared with controls [mean 95.5 (18.7)] (p=0.07). P1NP rose significantly over the detoxification programme [day 1: 28.35 ng/l (12.25); day 5: 34.19 ng/l (13.16), p=0.003] but CTX change was not significant. Lifestyle factors associated with poor bone health are prevalent in female alcoholics. Significant increase in bone formation was observed 5 days after alcohol withdrawal.
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