Strength Training and Older Women: A Cross-Sectional Study Examining Factors Related to Exercise Adherence
Despite the recognized health benefits, few older women participate in strength-training exercises.
The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to older women's adherence to strength training after participation in the StrongWomen Program, a nationally disseminated community program. Adherence was defined as > or =4 months of twice-weekly strength training. Surveys were sent to 970 program participants from 23 states and to participants' corresponding program leaders. Five-hundred fifty-seven participants responded (57%).
Of respondents who completed surveys (527), 79% (415) adhered to strength training; adherers reported a mean of 14.1 +/- 9.1 months of strength training. Logistic-regression analysis revealed that exercise adherence was positively associated with age (p = .001), higher lifetime physical activity levels (p = .045), better perceived health (p = .003), leader's sports participation (p = .028), and leader's prior experience leading programs (p = .006).
These data lend insight to factors that may be related to exercise adherence among midlife and older women.
Available from: Paul K. Miller
- "There is also evidence that group-based activities are likely to facilitate commitment and retention (Burke, Carron, Eys, Ntoumanis, & Estabrooks, 2006), through the development and maintenance of social support mechanisms, and the use of activities that people can coordinatively find enjoyable, fun and varied (Trost, Owen, Bauman, Sallis, & Brown, 2002; Whaley & Schrider, 2005). Other variables of importance in this domain include the quality of exercise leadership (Seguin et al., 2010) and a regular routine (McArthur et al., 2014). "
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ABSTRACT: This paper aims to add to the fledgling body of work pertaining to the cardio-vascular benefits of self-motivated activity in naturalistic settings. Collecting results from a longitudinal study of a regional community conservation intervention in the UK, it is found that - across a wide range of age groups – simple engagement with a set of everyday horticultural tasks induces the exact levels of exercise that the medical and sport sciences define as optimal for the maintenance of everyday baseline fitness. It is further contended, in line with prior literature, that such capital-free initiatives, designed to improve a local social environment can, thereby, improve the core heath of individuals who may be averse to more conventional gym-type environments.
Available from: Dawn A Skelton
- "However, this study was pragmatic in intension and worked with existing classes. To recruit enough new participants to follow from first attendance would have meant recruiting only newly trained instructors with new classes, which itself would have introduced bias as experience of instructor is related to participant adherence (Seguin et al., 2010). "
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ABSTRACT: To examine the influence of individual participant, instructor, and group factors on participants' attendance and adherence to community exercise classes for older adults.
Longitudinal data from 16 instructors, 26 classes, and 193 older participants within those classes (aged 60-100 years) were examined. Data were collected using questionnaires on individual participants' demographics, attitudes, health perceptions and conditions, and group cohesion. Instructors' demographics, training, background, experience, attitudes, and personality were collected. Group factors included class type, cost, transport, and whether the class was held in an area of deprivation. Outcomes (attendance/adherence) were collected through attendance records.
Multilevel modelling (MLwiN) revealed both instructor and individual participant variables were important in understanding attendance and adherence. Individuals' housing, education, mental well-being, group cohesion, and attitudes were important predictors of attendance at 3 and 6 months. Instructors' age, gender, experience, and motivational training were important at 3 months, whereas instructor personality was important at both 3 and 6 months. Having attended longer than 6 months at baseline, participants' attitudes, weeks offered, instructors' personality, and experience were associated with adherence at 6 months.
Results suggest that instructors' characteristics alongside individual participant factors play a role in influencing participants' attendance to exercise classes. These factors should be considered when setting up new programs.
Available from: Mindy Renfro
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